Choudhary Muhammad Ali

Chaudhary Muhammad Ali
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Introduction:

CountryBritish India, Pakistan
Date of Birth15th July 1905
Place of birthJalandhar, Punjab, British India
Death2nd December 1982
Cause of DeathHeart Attack
PlaceKarachi, Sindh, Pakistan
CitizenshipBritish India (1905- 1947) Pakistani (1947- 1982)
ProfessionPolitician, Civil Servant
Political PartyMuslim League
AlumniPunjab University
Children5 including sons: Khalid & Amjad
First PostFinance Secretary
Period2nd September 1946 – 14th August 1947
2nd PostFinance Secretary of Pakistan
Period14th August 1947 – 12th September 1948
3rd PostFederal Secretary
Period14th August 1947 – 24th October 1955
4th Post2nd Minister of Finance
Period24th October 1951 – 11th August 1955
5th PostMinister of Defense
Period12th August 1995 – 12th September 1956
6th Post4th Prime Minister of Pakistan
Period12th August 1955 – 12th September 1956

Basic information:

Choudhary Muhammad Ali was born on 15th July 1905 in “Jalandhar, Punjab, British India”, got his early education from Jalandhar. He did a B.Sc. degree in Chemistry from Lahore, Punjab University, and got the post of Lecturer at Islamia College till 1928. He was known to be the 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan. He became the first Indian financial adviser when there were disputes of the Hindus & Muslims. At that time, Grig was selected as the “War Secretary in 1945” in British India. In the year of 1946-47, Muhammad Ali had to be chosen the one party from two which was presided over through Lord Mountbatten. Muhammad Ali Choudhary was selected as Finance Secretary on the post of Ministry of Finance. At that time, he worked with M.H Patel and Walter Christer for preparing a document of which title was “The Administrative Consequences of Partition.” During the partition of India in the year 1947, Muhammad Ali chooses Pakistan for the future till death. He was selected on the date of 12th August 1955, he lost his seat of Prime Minister due to lack of votes in the National Assembly on the date of 1956[1].  

Early Life:

Choudhary Muhammad Ali was born on 15th July 1905 in “Jalandhar, Punjab, British India”, he spent his early life in the streets of Jalandhar and got his Primary education from the school “Nahangal Anbia” which was upgraded to middle school, he got his education till matriculation in Jalandhar. He got the scholarship on the best performance in the exams from the same school. There were many famous personalities from the Jalandhar but Choudhary Muhammad Ali had a special and noticeable personality. In the judgment of the world, many writers wrote about the works of Muhammad Ali “the extraordinary personality of Muhammad Ali helped in overcoming which saved the newly born nation”[2].

An impression of father:

The father of Choudhary Muhammad Ali was very much impressed by his son trying for the Aligarh Movement and his modern education to his son. He gave attention to his son and gave updates about education and thorough training. He got his early education from the native area of Jalandhar and moved to “Islamia College”. He got the education of an M.Sc. in chemistry from the Punjab University in 1927[2].

Interest in poetry:

During the education of chemistry, he was accompanied by Allama Muhammad Iqbal and learn many things from him, he was much interested in the poetry that he wrote the poetry of Allama Muhammad Iqbal complete edition of “Ramoezee-Be-Khudi” in his script. He had an interest in the literature, he and his friend’s set up a “Mascent Science Society” too[2].

Interest in Politics:

 He knew the Politics and was active in the Muslim League, was actively participated in the annual session in Lahore in 1922. He was active as a volunteer in the session. Muhammad Ali Jinnah prevents him to take part in Politics, but he had a strong interest while he was prevented to take part in politics. Allama Iqbal challenged the election for Punjab Assembly in 1926[2].

Allama Muhammad Iqba and Muhammad Ali
Allama Muhammad Iqba and Muhammad Ali

Indian Audit & post of Accountant General:

After that, he linked with the Indian Audit and accounts services department in the year of 1928 and later was transferred as Accountant General to Bahawalpur State in the year of 1932. it was noticed that he was the only first person that had the post which he had selected on this post in the state of Bahawalpur. According to the government, he was sent there because the Bahawalpur state had been outdated from the financial system and they need had the Accountant General which expert in the financial system. Because there were so many expenditures and they had not any record of expenditure, due to which the government of India was in Crisis. He gave attention to recover the situation[2].

Financial Adviser:

In the year of 1943, he was elected as an additional Financial Adviser in the department of War & communication, later was promoted to the post of Financial adviser in 1945. He was the second person that reached the post of a financial adviser in India. He was awarded by the title of C.I.E in the year of 1946 when he traveled and on the Haidari Mission in England. Quaid-e-Azam realized that Choudhary Muhammad Ali played an important role in the creation of Pakistan and after that, he trusts him. He showed his unexpected abilities which compelled him to praise even from the Quaid-e-Azam. When he was servicing in the government job, he was very aware of the politics and he was actively UpToDate from the trends of the politics in the Muslim League. In those days the government prepared a budget which was called the poor man’s budget. While making the budget, he played an important role[2].

Ahmed Dawood with the Prime Minister Muhammad Ali
Ahmed Dawood with the Prime Minister Muhammad Ali

Steering Committee:

A committee was formed which was called as the “Steering Committee”, this was the custodian committee of India, he was the member of that committee from the Muslim’s side. He worked hard for the committee from June to August 1947 for placing and deciding the disputes of the separation and the barrier. Choudhary Muhammad Ali and M.H Patel played an important role in the dividing in the partition of India. This was so difficult and both the parties had to take the decision very carefully and handle it[2].

Choudhary Muhammad Ali
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali discusses a point with M A Khuhro as Yousuf Haroon look on and Mr Gibson Speaker of the National Assembly contemplates his cigarette

After the establishment of Pakistan:

After the creation of Pakistan, he was posted on the post of General Secretary of the new government and played an important role in the association. Finance Minister Ghulam Muhammad Ali was the principal Collaborator of the Finance Minister in financial affairs. He fully enjoyed the company of Liaqat Ali Khan. His services in the field of administration played an important role and were appreciated by the last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten[2].

Revenue Minister:

He remained as the revenue Minister about four years in the cabinet of Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din. At that period, he gave all his attention to improving and managing the country’s resources. He wanted to stable the country and encourage the industries, at last, he got the targets in a short time[2].

Chaudhary Muhammad Ali business and life style
Chaudhary Muhammad Ali business and life style

Budget in 1953:

He presented a budget in 1953 with new taxes, and economically the country was stable, appreciated by the national & international media. The New York Times wrote in their newspaper that Muhammad Ali gave the new soul to the country and pull the country from the poorer to the richer with his great efforts of finance[2].

Prime Minister of Pakistan:

He became the 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan in the year of 1955 at the time when the first constituent assembly was dissolved by the Governor-General and after that, the second constituent Assembly was elected. He made a scheme for the development of the country and said on 15th September 1955: [2]

“The general discussion on this bill has been remarkable for its length and even more remarkable for its irrelevance. The country has viewed with increasing concern the rate at which are proceeding. We have taken three weeks and more for the general consideration of this bill” [2]

In the same speech, he gave the idea about the constitution-making, and the West-Pakistan bill was passed on 30th September 1955 but Hussain Shaheed Surawary and Sardar Abdul Rashid from N.W.F.P disapproved this system severely. After creation of one unit, he did task of making a draft for the constitution and was prepared in the year of December 1955. He centralized the system and convinced them on the central system in which include “control over finance, defense, interprovincial trade communication, international trade, and immigration, etc.” [2].

Promise with the nation:

He had the promise with the nation that at the end of February constitution will be approved by constitution Assembly and broadcasted. He tried his best to do this, the constitution was approved by the Prime Minister of Pakistan, it was broadcasted on 23rd March. Choudhary Muhammad Ali was appreciated by the Assembly and from the media. The constitution was called the Islamic constitution in the year of 1956, but due to some reasons, he left his post[2].

New Program of National Credit scheme:

When he was in the government, he decreases the external borrows from other countries and made a new Program of national Credit was introduced to keep the income and money smoothly. He played a vital role in the development of the country and made economic structure better. His main interest to increase the production of national products[2].

Failure of the Party:

There are many notable tasks of Choudhary Muhammad Ali which was cannot be denied. He was a poor politician and failed to control the party, his mistake was to choose Dr. Khan Sahib which was the chief Minister of unified provinces of West Pakistan. He was opposed to the creation of Pakistan[2].

Dr Khan Sahib and Muhammad Ali
Dr Khan Sahib and Muhammad Ali

Against of Dictatorship:

Choudhary Muhammad Ali was opposed to dictatorship and didn’t quit after the resignation. He moved towards West Pakistan and molded the nation against the Dictatorship. He worked for the declaration of combined the restoration of democracy for a long time. But his health could not do so and due to bad health, he retired from politics, but he criticized the issues on the national and constitutional issues by writings[2].

Book:

He wrote a book according to his life he spent name “Emergence of Pakistan” [2].

Book Link:

you can download and read this book by sign in Google, the link is here

Death:

He died due to a heart attack on 1st December 1980 in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. He spent his life for Pakistan’s progress and maintenance[2].

1.            Wikipedia. 18th August 2020; Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaudhry_Muhammad_Ali.

2.            historypak. 18th August 2020; Available from: https://historypak.com/chaudhry-muhammad-ali/.


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