Film and TV Directors and Documentary Film Makers

Film and TV directors and documentary filmmakers of the film Industry of Pakistan
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Basic informationAnwar Kamal PashaKhwaja Khurshid AnwarRiaz Shahid
NationalityPakistani, IndianPakistani, IndianPakistani
ReligionIslamIslamIslam
Date of Birth13th October 198721st March 19121927
Place of BirthLahore, Punjab, PakistanMianwali, Punjab, British India (Currently in Pakistan)India
Date of Death13th October 198730th October 19841st October 1972
Place of DeathLahore, Punjab, PakistanLahore, Punjab, PakistanLahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Age62 years old72 years old45 years old
Marital StatusMarriedMarriedMarried
SpouseN / AN / ANeelo
SchoolN / AN / AN / A
CollegeForman Christian College, LahorePhilosophy from the Government College, LahoreIslamia College, Lahore
UniversityMaster of Arts degrees at the University of PunjabMaster’s from the Government College, LahoreN / A
OccupationFilm, TV, Stage & RadioMusic Director, Screenwriter, Film Director, Film ProducerFilm Director and Writer
Active since1949 – 19871939 – 19821962 – 1972
Filmography1949- 19871944 – 19821962 – 1972
Famous forDirector and Producer of Lollywood film ProductionFilm Music, ScreenwriterDirector and Writer
AwardsNigar award for 30 years of excellence in 1981, Nigar Award for Best scriptwriter film Watan in 1960.Sitara-e-Imtiaz, Nigar Award, Mortal-Men-Immortal-Melodies AwardNigar Awards of film Zarqa in 1969, Nigar Award of film Khamosh Raho in 1964

Anwar Kamal Pasha:

Anwar Kamal Pasha was born on 23rd February 1925 in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, was a filmmaker in the film industry of Lollywood, Pakistan. He remained as a producer and director of making films from Lahore, Pakistan. The Important thing is that he was the son of the famous poet Hakim Ahmad Shuja and the spouse of the Pakistani film actress Shameem Bano[1].

Anwar Kamal Pasha interviewed by S.M.Saleem
Anwar Kamal Pasha interviewed by S.M.Saleem

The education and life of Anwar Kamal Pasha:

Anwar pasha got his early education from the local school of Lahore and completed his matriculation. After that, he took admission in the Forman Christian College, Lahore for completing his intermediate education. He had too fond of acting and becoming a hero in movies and films. Due to this purpose, he got admission to the University of Punjab, Lahore, and earned the Master of Arts degree. He commonly scripted, produced, and directed his films which represent the society, norms, and values. These films represent poverty, love, social strata, suicide, moral decay, and death[1].

Training to other people:

Anwar Kamal Pasha trained and introduced many new personalities to the film industry of Pakistan, who made a name for them and there are numerous personalities which were the students of Anwar Kamal Pasha include film directors M.S. Dar, M. Akram, Altaf Hussain (film Director), music directors Master Inayat Hussain and after his younger brother Master Abdullah. He also introduced many actors and actresses in the Pakistan film industry, which made a name in the country, these are “Aslam Pervaiz, Sabiha Khanum, Musarrat Nazir, Nayyar Sultana, Bahar Begum, and Rani” [1].

Death of Anwar Kamal Pasha:

Anwar Kamal Pasha made about 24 movies. Anwar Kamal Pasha died at the age of 62 years old on 13th October 1987. He died but he left his legacy as one of the creator producers and directors for the Pakistani Cinemas[1].

Anwar Kamal Pasha (1927-1987)
Anwar Kamal Pasha (1927-1987)

Filmography[1]:

The major Films produced and directed by Anwar Kamal Pasha between the era of 1949 and the year of 1980s which are given below.

Films[1]:

  1. Shahida in 1949
  2. Do Ansoo in 1949
  3. Gabhroo in 1950
  4. Dilbar in1951
  5. Dupatta in 1952 (assisted main director Sibtain Fazli; the movie’s story was written by Hakim Ahmad Shuja-sb)
  6. Ghulam in 1953
  7. Gumnaam in 1954 (with music by Master Inayat Hussain and some lyrics adapted from a famous poem by Hakim Ahmad Shuja)
  8. Inteqam in 1955
  9. Qatil in 1955 (with two film songs by composer Master Inayat Hussain and song lyricist Qateel Shifai)
  10. Dullah Bhatti in 1956 (written and co-directed with M.S. Dar, with music by Ghulam Ahmed Chishti)
  11. Chann Mahi in 1956 (Punjabi) (with music by Rasheed Attre)
  12. Sarfarosh in 1956 (with music by Rasheed Attre)
  13. Zulfaan in 1957 (in the Punjabi language)
  14. Laila Majnu in 1957
  15. Anarkali in 1958 (with songs by Rasheed Attre and Master Inayat Hussain)
  16. Gumrah in 1959
  17. Watan in 1960
  18. Mehboob in 1962
  19. Sazish in 1963
  20. Safaid Khoon in 1964
  21. Parohna in 1966
  22. Khana Dey Khan Parohne in 1974
  23. Wehshi Gujjar in 1979
  24. Sher Khan in 1981 (in the Punjabi language, with film songs by music director Wajahat Attre)
  25. Border Bulletin 1983
Anwar Kamal Pasha the producer, writer and director since 1925- 1987
Anwar Kamal Pasha the producer, writer and director since 1925- 1987

Awards and acknowledgments[1]:

  1. Anwar Kamal Pasha got the Award of Nigar special Award for 30 years of Excellence in the year of 1981.
  2. Anwar Kamal Pasha again got the Nigar Award for Best Scriptwriter for the Film Watan in the year of 1960.
Anwar Kamal Pasha interviewed by S.M.Saleem – From Archives of Lutfullah Khan

Khwaja Khurshid Anwar:

Khwaja Khurshid Anwar was born on 21st March 1912 in Mianwali, Punjab, Pakistan was a filmmaker, writer, director, and the music composition who made a name in the sub-Continent (India and Pakistan). He is known to be of the creative music director of his career era[2].

Observing legend Khwaja Khurshid Anwar's 34th death anniversary
Observing legend Khwaja Khurshid Anwar’s 34th death anniversary

Khurshid Anwar’s gramophone:

Khurshid Anwar’s father had a huge collection of gramophones of classical Indian music and many of the other artistic ancient times. As a result, he had a lot of collection of songs which listen to him and he also started singing himself after listening. He would practice for many hours in the home to make a singer[2].

After the Khurshid’s father being a prominent name at that time and he used his name into the musical nights at the home where a lot of music renowned persons came there to show their talent. Some of the best local and regional names in the music industry which came to the Khurshid’s home for performing their songs. Khurshid was also practicing the music. In 1934, seeing the intrigue Khurshid had in music, Khansahib Tawakkal Hussain consented to additional show him music, Khansahib encouraged Khurshid and would take him to numerous different shows that he would perform, and progressively Khurshid began performing with him[2].

An enemy in the School of philosophy:

At College, Khurshid was perhaps the most splendid understudy. Because of his dissimilar enemy of British exercises, Khurshid once needed to invest some energy in prison, where he was not permitted to give his tests. He would then proceed to compose his tests from prison, and not just that he went to turn into the clincher of his school. After at long last getting his graduate degree in reasoning from Punjab University, Khurshid joined the All India Radio in 1939. It was from the radio that he would proceed to get one of the most significant figures in the entertainment world[2].

Music Chief in the Bollywood Industry:

In 1943, Khurshid made his presentation as a music chief in the film Ishara. Khurshid would proceed to have an amazing vocation in Bollywood as a music chief after he made 9 different motion pictures, and in 1952 Khurshid moved to Pakistan. Khurshid’s work didn’t stop there as he would proceed to make for some out of the most well-known Pakistani motion pictures like Intezar, Jhoomer, and numerous others[2].

Khwaja Khursheed Anwar (L), Syed Shafqat Ali Shah and Masud Pervaiz
Khwaja Khursheed Anwar (L), Syed Shafqat Ali Shah and Masud Pervaiz

Death of Khurshid Anwar:

Khurshid died on 30th October 1984 in Lahore. His heritage stays distant and he will consistently be viewed as one of the best actually to do it[2].

Filmography:

Films as a Writer[3]:

  1. Wrote the Hamraz Story, Screenplay and Dialogues (1967)
  2. Wrote the Chingari Story and Screenplay (1964)
  3. Wrote the Ghunghat Story and Screenplay (1962)
  4. Wrote the Jhoomer Story and Screenplay (1959)
  5. Wrote the Zehr-E-Ishq Story and Screenplay (1958)
  6. Wrote the Intezar Story and Screenplay (1956)

Director[3]:

  1. Ghunghat (1962)
  2. Chingari (1964)
  3. Hamraz (1967)

Producer[3]:

  1. Hamraz became the co-Producer in the year of 1967
  2. Chingari was the co-Producer in the year of 1964
  3. Ghunghat was the co-Producer in the year of 1962
  4. Jhoomer was the Producer in the year of 1959
  5. Zehr-E-Ishq was the co-Producer in the year of 1958
  6. Intezar was the co-Producer in the year of 1956

Music director in India[3]:

    1. Kurmai was in the Punjabi language and was directed in the year of 1941

    2. Ishara was in in the year of 1943

    3. Parakh in the year of 1944

    4. Yateem in the year of 1945

    5. Parwana in the year of 1947

    6. Paghdandi in the year of 1947

    7. Aaj Aur Kal in the year of 1947

    8. Singhar in the year of 1949

    9. Nishana in the year of 1950

    10. Neelam Pari in the year of 1952

World Music From The Voice of America Khwaja Khurshid from the sound from Pakistan
World Music From The Voice of America Khwaja Khurshid from the sound from Pakistan

Music director in Pakistani films[3]:

    1. Intezar in the year of 1956

    2. Mirza Sahiban in the year of 1956

    3. Zehr-E-Ishq in the year of 1958

    4. Jhoomer in the year of 1959

    5. Koel in the year of 1959

    6. Ayaz in the year of 1960

    7. Ghunghat in the year of 1962

    8. Chingari in the year of 1964

    9. Haveli in the year of 1964

    10. Sarhad in the year of 1966

    11. Hamraaz in the year of 1967

    12. Guddo (Punjabi) in the year of 1970

    13. Heer Ranjha (Punjabi) in the year of 1970

    14. Parai Aag in the year of 1971

    15. Salam-e-Mohabbat in the year of 1971

    16. Shirin Farhad in the year of 1975

    17. Haider Ali in the year of 1978

    18. Mirza Jat (Punjabi) in the year of 1982

Immortal Melodies Of Khwaja Khurshid Anwar Vol-1
Immortal Melodies Of Khwaja Khurshid Anwar Vol-1

Awards and recognitions[3]:

  1. Sitara-e-Imtiaz award by the President of Pakistani in 1980.
  2. Nigar Award for the Best Music in the film Ghunghat in 1962.
  3. Mortal-Men-Immortal-melodies Award in the year if 1982 in India.
Short view on the Life of Khawaja Khursheed Anwar, the Famous Musician of the Subcontinent

Riaz Shahid:

Riaz Shahid had opened his eyes in 1930 in Sub-Continent. He was a director, writer and newspaper editor, and journalist. He was the father of the famous Pakistani film star Shaan shahid. His real name was sheikh Riaz, but all people called him shahid.

Education of Riaz Shahid:

Man of cinematic credentials riaz shahid anniversary
Man of cinematic credentials Riaz Shahid anniversary

He got his early education from the native area of local school and did his intermediate from the Islamia College, Lahore, Pakistan. Riaz Shahid lived in Lahore, so he worked there and started the job of a journalist in the newspaper Chataan and after that, he joined the Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s Lail- -O-Nihar. Faiz Ahmed Faiz who was famous in the Sub-continent, his weekly Lail-o-Nihar read by Riaz Shahid, after reading the weekly Lail-O-Nihar, wrote a novel of which named “Hazar Dastaan”[4].

Celebration in the Soviet Union and his novel Hazaar Dastaan:

Therefore, he was a Celebration in the Soviet Union. Shahid built up his communist leanings working under the writer. As a characteristic movement of his scholarly vocation, Shahid composed a novel Hazar Dastaan, before going to content composition. In 1958, Riaz Shahid began his movie profession as a content author for the film Bharosa. He was the author, chief, and maker of the film Susraal in 1962[4].

Socialist Cinema for a nearby paper:

In his article Socialist Cinema for a nearby paper, Zulqurnain Shahid depicts the paramount working organization between Riaz Shahid and left-wing symbolist poet Habib Jalib. Their first cooperation occurred in the film Khamosh Raho, delivered in 1964. They were both taraqqi pasand (reformist) abstract figures who upheld hostile to settler warriors from Muslim foundations. The film’s plot was apparently about a whorehouse proprietor’s arrangement of reinforced prostitution, yet it was multilayered. On a more profound level, it depicted the similitudes between organized relationships and prostitution. Strikingly, it additionally anticipated the 1965 battle between India and Pakistan. Just political insiders knew at the time that President Ayub Khan was proceeding with Operation Gibraltar inside Indian-held Kashmir. Jalib’s verses of “Main te to preet nibhai sanwarya re” (I have been dedicated to my darling) were not just about a lady singing to her trooper life partner yet, besides, Pakistan’s dirt getting everyone excited to ensure the holiness of her outskirts, security inside the fringes and an unpropitious admonition about the coming attack[4].

Furthermore, Jalib’s sonnet, Dastoor (The Constitution) that he read at Liaquat Bagh (Pindi) against Ayub Khan and for which he was imprisoned, was remembered for the film after a slight change. The verses to the tune finished in[4]:

(Roman Urdu) “Tum nahee charagar,

English: (You are not the cure)

(Roman Urdu) Koee maney Magar,

English: (If somebody trusts it,)

(Roman Urdu) mein naheen manta.”

English: (I don’t trust it.)

The melody figured out how to pass the blue pencil board even though it was against martial law. Shahid composed the characters and exchange motivated by occasions being accounted for in the press. The massage parlor madam depends on Aqleem Akhter Rani, nicknamed General Rani, a lady who scandalously secured ladies for people with great influence. As per the plot, the madam of the massage parlor utilizes the character played by Mohammad Ali (recently into acting he got a lot of approval for this function) to capture youthful town ladies for feudal and military officials. Inevitably, his inner voice smites him and he battles from inside the massage parlor for equity. At the point when the film’s fundamental hero, an officer played by Yusuf Khan, shows up to separate the massage parlor, he lets him know, “Tum sarhad kee hifazat Karo, andar murmur sambhal lein ge.” (You defend the fringe; we’ll protect it from within). Thusly, Shahid represented the connection between the regular citizen-government and the military all through Pakistan’s political history. Accordingly, the two scholars were brave in their defiant feeling[4].

Films of Riaz Shahid and Neelo Casting:

In 1966, he composed and coordinated the Punjabi film Mr. Allah Ditta, in which Neelo was projected. During the shooting, their sentiment started. For his movie Zarqa that he created, coordinated, and composed, Shahid again cast Neelo. Somewhere between the recording of the film, and emotional occurrence happened. Famous for her moving, Neelo, who at this point had won two Nigar Awards for Best Supporting Actress in 1959 and 1963, was authoritatively gathered to move for the Shah of Iran on an official visit to the nation in 1965. Allegedly, the occupant Governor of West Pakistan, Nawab of Kalabagh, Amir Mohammad Khan undermined her and requested she move for them at the Governor’s House. Realizing that Riaz Shahid would not support, a hesitant and anxious Neelo crumbled on the floor while moving and pretended obviousness. Some even guaranteed that she had attempted to end it all, gulping an overdose of dozing pills while in transit to the Governor’s House. She was hurried to the emergency clinic where specialists resuscitated her. In this manner, Neelo showed her dependability and steadfastness to Shahid[4].

Habib Jalib deified this episode in his sonnet named Neelo:

(Roman Urdu) “Too ke nawaqif-i-aadab-i-shahenshahi thee

English: (You are unaware of the tenets of imperialism

(Roman Urdu) Raqs zanjeer pehen kar bhee kiya jata hai!”

English: (You can also dance in fetters)

MEMORABLE ROMANCE Neelo & Riaz Shahid
MEMORABLE ROMANCE Neelo & Riaz Shahid

Neelo Convert into Islam after Marriage with Riaz Shahid:

Not long after this occurrence, Riaz Shahid wedded Neelo and gave her his security. She changed over to Islam and was given the name Abida. Zarqa was delivered in 1969 the very year that President Ayub Khan gave over control of capacity to General Yahya Khan and it turned into the characterizing film of Neelo’s vocation. Shahid’s film, in light of the Palestinian-Israeli clash, is an illustration. Neelo, in the nominal part of Zarqa, is a Muslim Palestinian devotee of Yasser Arafat and captive who has been caught by the Israelis. She is constrained by an Israeli general, played by Taalish, to move and upon refusal, she is sufficiently whipped and ignited with lit cigarettes. This scene was affected by the genuine episode, which Riaz Shahid fearlessly fused in the film. The phrasings of Jalib’s sonnet were changed in the tune to[4]:

(Roman Urdu) “Too ke nawaqif-i-aadab-i-ghulami hai Abhi

English: (You are unaware of the tenets of slavery!

(Roman Urdu) Raqs zanjeer pehen kar bhee kiya jata hai!”

English: (You can also dance in fetters!)

How Habib Jalib and Riaz Shahid forged the way for socialist in Cinemas of Pakistan
How Habib Jalib and Riaz Shahid forged the way for socialist in Cinemas of Pakistan

Toward the finish of the tune “Aaj qatil ki ye marzi hai” (Today the killer is requesting this) Zarqa expresses Allah with such discernible feeling and torment that the crowd likewise endures with her. Through imagery, Shahid and Jalib portrayed the Palestinian predicament and deceived Neelo’s genuine mortification, bitterness, and enduring, making this the most well-known scene of the film. Zarqa turned out to be such a success that it turned into Pakistan’s first jewel celebration, which means it played for over 50 weeks at the films and Neelo got her first Nigar Award for Best Actress[4].

Riaz Shahid’s 2nd Marriage:

After this, Neelo died and was not more in Riaz Shahid’s life. Shahid and Abida named their oldest kid, an infant young lady, Zarqa who is currently hitched with offspring of her own. At that point, came Shaan, named Armaghan upon entering the world in 1971, trailed by the most youthful, Sarosh who has additionally shown up in two movies.

Death and Last Film of Riaz Shahid:

Shahid’s last film was Yeh Amn, a film on Kashmir. Jalib wrote a couple of the melodies for this film, including the hit tune Zulm rahey aur amn bhee ho, sung by Noor Jahan and Mehdi Hasan. Not long after the film was delivered, Shahid Riaz kicked the bucket of leukemia in 1972[4].

Films of Abida for her children’s future:

Even though crushed, life needed to continue for Abida who needed to deal with her small kids. To help her family, she continued her profession by featuring in the hit film Khatarnaak, another precious stone celebration film, in 1974 for which she was again granted a Nigar for Best Actress. She likewise kept on delivering films under her significant other’s standard with Baheesht (1974). She won two more Nigars for Best Producer and Best Film. Her last Nigar was for Jat Kuryan Tu Darda (1976). In 2013, she showed up in Waar, a Shaan starrer[4].

Socialist cinema Habib Jalib and Riaz Shahid
Socialist cinema Habib Jalib and Riaz Shahid

Shaan Shahid the son of Riaz Shahid:

Shaan, the most famous and popular Pakistani film star of our occasions with more than 500 movies amazingly, made his film debut in1990 featuring in Javed Fazli’s film Bulandi inverse Reema Khan. He has won numerous honors including one Pride of Performance, four National Film Awards, 15th Nigar Awards, five Lux Style Awards, and one every Pakistan Media Award and ARY Film Award[4].

Filmography[5]:

There are many films of Riaz Shahid which were directed and written by him.

Riaz Shahid as a Film Director[5]:

There are some films which were directed by Riaz Shahid. The list of films is given below:

  1. Susral in 1962
  2. Zarqa in 1969 (this was a diamond jubilee film)
  3. Gharnata in 1971
  4. Yeh Aman in 1971

Riaz Shahid as film writer and producer[5]:

  1. Shaheed in 1962
  2. Kahmosh Raho in 1964 (it was the film on which he got Nigar award as the writer)
  3. Kaneez in 1965
  4. Aag Ka Darya in 1966
  5. Badnaam in 1966

Awards of Riaz Shahid[5]:

  1. He got the Nigar Award in 1969 for the Best Director film Zarqa.
  2. Again, he got the Nigar Award in 1964 for the Best writer of film Kahmosh Raho.
Film Actor Riaz Shahid Death Anniversary Pkg By Zain Madni City42

References:

1.            worddisk. 14th October 2020; Available from: worddisk

2.            nettv4u. 14th October 2020; Available from: nettv4u

3.            en.wikipedia. 14th October 2020; Available from: en.wikipedia

4.            goodtimes, 14th October 2020.

5.            en.wikipedia. 14th October 2020; Available from:   en.wikipedia


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