Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan

Dr. A.Q Khan
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Introduction:

CountryPakistan
Date of Birth1st April 1936
Place of BirthBhopal, India
ProfessionEngineer
MigrationPakistan (1952)
GraduateKarachi university
Graduation year1960
Abroad studiesWest Berlin, Delft, Netherlands
Early educationBhopal local school
Master’s Degree1967
DoctorateMetallurgical Engineering from Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
SpouseHendrina Reterink
Children2 daughters
Company hiringURENCO (Dutch Company)
Year of hiring1972
Job typeTranslate from German to Dutch Language
Letter about atomic BombPakistan Prime Minister & Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Date of letter sent17th September 1974
Came in Pakistan15th December 1975
Brought the things to PakistanBlueprint
Work in PakistanPakistan Atomic Energy Emission (PAEC)
Khan’s Base operationKahuta, 50km away from Islamabad
Derivative Design CreationBy the Chinese
Design Date of Atomic Bomb26th May 1990
Ghauri Missile help fromNorth Koreans
Arrested factSending nuclear technology to other countries
Atomic bomb test date28th May 1998
Atomic Bomb test placeRas koh Hills, Chaghi
Type of testUnderground test
Number of tests5 tests
Device typeFission reaction test

Basic Information:

Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan was born on 1st April 1936 in the “Bhopal, India”. He is also known as A.Q khan, a Pakistani Engineer. He is a key role in Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program and involved for many years. He was involved in the black market of nuclear technology and he knows how the uranium-enrichment centrifuges, nuclear warhead design, missile, and expertise. He was trading with Iran, North Korea, Libya & other countries[1].

Dr. Qadeer khan’s life:

Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan was born on 1st April 1936 in Bhopal in India. He is also known as the A.Q Khan and he got his early education from the local school of Bhopal in India. After the partition, he came to Pakistan in the year of 1952. He came to Pakistan and got an education from “Anthony’s High School” and joined the college of Karachi “D.J science college, Karachi”. He got the education of “Physics” and “Mathematics”. There was a teacher that was famous “Solar Physicist, Dr. Bashir Syed”. He got a degree of B.Sc. degree in “Physical Metallurgy.” [1].

Job & Fame:

A company of Karachi offers him a job of “inspector of wight & measures”. He accepted the offer and start a job in that company after graduation.The other company of the Netherlands offers him and he went there in the year of 1970s. There he got famous in the nuclear plant where he was working. He had special access to the restricted area of the URENCO facility. There was much secret documentation in the URENCO and he had permission to read the documentation on the centrifuge gas technology[1].   

DR. A.Q Khan gave the Formula of Atomic Bomb
DR. A.Q Khan gave the Formula of Atomic Bomb to make a nuclear Pakistan

Came to Pakistan:

He came back to Pakistan in the year of 1974 and he convinced the Prime Minister, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He said to accept the Uranium route instead of the Plutonium route to built nuclear weapons[1].

Dr.-A.Q-Khan-Nawaz-Sharif.jpg
Dr. A.Q Khan & Nawaz-Sharif did test of Atomic Bomb at Chaghi

Media reports and the Planning of Atom Bomb:

The media gave reports that he had close relationships with the “President of Pakistan General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq & Military of Pakistan”. Then also made good relationships with the “Pakistan Air Force” [1].

SUPARCO Pakistan’s national space Agency:

After the nuclear program in Pakistan, he wanted to re-organize Pakistan’s National Space Agency, “SUPARCO”. After the 1990s, Abdul Qadeer Khan played an important role in Pakistan’s space program. He was playing an important role in the “Pakistan’s Polar Satellite Vehicle (PSLV)” project and the vehicles used for space[1].

Pakistan-SUPARCO-space-Agency
Dr. A.Q Khan played an important role in Pakistan SUPARCO space Agency

Pakistan’s Ballistic missile:

His unlimited publicity of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles by the mortification to Pakistan’s government. At that time, the United States thought that Pakistan was giving the Nuclear weapons technology to North Korea, and itself got the ballistic missile technology in exchange. After that, when there was the government of Nawaz Sharif, he tested the Atomic bomb in the Chaghi which was 50KM away from the Islamabad and is situated in Balochistan, the mountains of “Ras Koh Hills”. And thus, Pakistan did 5 tests there and gave proof to the world that Pakistan has the Atomic Power, in the Muslim World Pakistan became the first atomic power. Abdul Qadeer Khan also inspection after the US attacks on 11th September 2001. Khan apparently sold nuclear technology to “Iran”. He was arrested against the selling of nuclear technology to Iran and he was pardoned in 2004, but he remained in the house. He did not have permission to go outside from home[1].

Other Contributions of Qadeer Khan:

He became the Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan and the key role for the Pakistani nation, built several engineering universities in Pakistan. He built and set up a “metallurgy and material science institute” in “Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Science and Technology”. At that university, he was serving as executive member and director, built the department of Metallurgical Engineering and Material Sciences. He also established a school of Dr. A.Q Khan Institute of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering at Karachi University. Thus, he gave a play role in Pakistan to bring the metallurgical engineering courses to Universities of Pakistan.

Regardless of his international image, Dr. A.Q Khan remains very famous among Pakistan and now he is considered domestically be honest and one of the most respected scientists in Pakistan[1].

Awards:

In 1993, Karachi University gave the name of “Doctor of Science”, in 14th August 1996 the President of Pakistan Farooq Lagari gave the biggest national award of “Nishan-e-Imtiaz”, and also, he got the award of “Hilal-e-Imtiaz” in 1989.

Interview of Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan on private channel Geo

References:

1.            famousscientists. 15th August 2020; Available from: https://www.famousscientists.org/abdul-qadeer-khan/.


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