Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan a scholar
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Introduction of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan:

CountryIndia
NationalityBritish India
Famous NameSir Syed
CasteKhan
Date of Birth17th October 1817
Place of birthDelhi Mughal Empire
Death27th March 1898
Death PlaceBeside Sir Syed Masjid, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, British India
Cause of DeathIllness and old age
Early educationNative City by a Female teacher
Trained subjectsPersian, Arabic, Urdu & Orthodox
SportsSwimming, Wrestling & other sports activities
Cultural ActivitiesTook part in cultural activities
InterestPragmatism, Metaphysics, language, aesthetics, Christianity & Islam
Notable WorksMuslim adoption of Western ideas
To Fulfil needs of homeEditorship
Started CareerCourts of law Agra
PostSerestadar (lit. Clerk)
Promotion1840 (Munshi), 1858 high rank post
Officer10th May 1857 Chief assistant officer, Binjor
Paternal GrandfatherSyed Hadi Jawwad bin Imaduddin
Paternal Grandfather’s postMansab (lit. General)
Maternal Grand Father NameKhwaja Fariduddin
Maternal Grand Father’s PostWazir (lit.Minister) in the court of Akbar shah
Father NameSyed Muhammad Muttaqi
Father’s PostPersonal Adviser of Emperor Akbar Shah II
Mother NameAziz-un-Nisa
Mother’s death placeMeerut
SonSyed Mahmood
CollegeMAO College
College to UniversityAligarh Muslim University
Relation between religiousInterfaith between Islam & Christianity
SupportSupport the Britisher (1857)
Booklet1859 (Asbab-e-Baghawat-e-Hind)
Sir Syed Booklet to EnglandSend 500 copies to England
Sir Syed writings periodIn age of 23 years (1840)
Subjects in writingMechanics, Urdu
Main Subject in writingUrdu
Least Pages6,000 pages
Books Publish1842 Asaar-us-Sanadeed (Great Mounments), 1844 (Jilal-ul-Qulub bi Zikr-il Mahbub, Tufa-i-Hasan, Tahsil fi jar-i-Saqil), 1852 (Namiqa dar bayan masala tasawur-i-Shaikh), 1854 (2nd edition of Asaar-us-Sanadeed)
Other booksLoyal Muhammadans of India, Tabyin-ul-Kalam & a series of Essays on the life of Muhammad ﷺ
Independence war1857 against the Britishers
MadrassaMuradabad Madrissa in 1859
Social WorkFmaine-struck for people of North-West Province in 1860
Ghazipur schoolGhazipur School in 1863
Aligarh1864, Scientific Society of Aligarh
Hindi-Urdu Controversy1867
Muslim’s first LanguageUrdu as the first language of Muslims
Urdu’s Language preferenceLingua Franca of the United Provinces
Colleagues in favor for the UrduMohsin-ul-Mulk, Molvi Abdul Haq
UniversityOsmania university
Award of England6th August 1869, star of India (British Government)
CommitteeMuslim Cambridge on 26th December 1870
Vision to establish committeeEstablished articles
Aligarh Institute Gazette5th April 1911 (after reprint)
Journal24th December (Tahzib-al-Akhlaq)
School in AligarhModern School & got support of Britishers
MAO CollegeMuhammadan Anglo-Oriental College 24th May 1875
Transformation from college to university1920 transformed from college to University
Political Career1878 nominated as the Viceroy’s legislative council
All India Muhammadan Educational ConferenceIn 1886 founded the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference
Muhammadan Civil Service Fund AssociationIn 1883, Muhammadan Civil Service Fund Association
Member of Civil Service CommissionNominated as member of civil service commission in 1887 by “Lord Dufferin”
Two communities’ phase14th March 1888 (Hindus & Muslim)
United Patriotic AssociationIn 1888, formed United Patriotic Association
Honors2nd June 1869, appointed as Companion of the “Order of the star of India (CSI)”
StampIndia issued the stamp in his honor in 1973 & 1988
Pakistan Post1990 issued the post stamp in his honor
Awards“Honorary LLD from the University of Edinburgh” in 1889

Brief Introduction:

Sir Syed Ahmed Taqvi bin Syed Muhammad Muttaqi KCSI was born on 17th October 1817. He was commonly known as Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. He was an Islamic pragmatist, Islamic reformer, and a philosopher of the 19th century in British India. He was born in the family which was fully drawn into the charges to the Mughal Court. Syed Ahmed Khan got an education of the Holy Quran and science in the court. He got awarded “Honorary LLD from the University of Edinburgh” in 1889. Syed Ahmed Khan joined “East-India Company” and gave the services. After that, he became a judge in a small cause Court in 1867 and retired in 1876. When there was a movement in 1857 in Indian Civil Disorder, he remained reliable with the British Raj and it was in the notice that he was famous to save the European lives. Later the civil disorder, he wrote a booklet “The Causes of the Indian Mutiny” which was an enterprising evaluation. At that time, British policies gave the blame for causing the uprising. It was not believed that Muslims were threatened through the strictness of their orthodox outlook. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan started to promote the “Western-style scientific Education” through the foundation of the modern schools and journals, and he also started to organize the Islamic entrepreneurs [1].

Muradabad Victoria School & MAO College:

Syed Ahmed Khan founded the school at “Muradabad Victoria School” in “Ghazipur” in the year of 1863, also established a “Scientific Society for Muslims” in the year of 1864. In the year of 1875, he established a “Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College” which was the 1st Muslim University in Southern Asia [1].

Urdu Language preference:

In his career, he said to Muslims that they would Loyal with British Raj and said that they need to promote the Urdu language as a “Lingua Franca” to the Muslims of India. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan often Criticized the “Indian National Congress”.  He wanted to maintain the solid heritage in Pakistan and between the Indian Muslims. Syed Ahmed Khan has strongly impacted other Muslim leaders include Allama Iqbal & Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He did not support the rationalism habit in broader, he wanted to make it the revolutionary reinterpretation of the Quran to make the lives compatible with science and modernity, continue to encourage the global Islamic overhaul. There are many universities and the nation’s construction in Pakistan that have the name of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan [1].

his effort about Urdu Language
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and his effort about Urdu Language in India for the Muslims

Aligarh Muslim University Celebration:

Aligarh Muslim University celebrated every 17th of October and there are about 202nd celebration was celebrated in the year 2019. Prior President of India “Pranab Mukharjee” was the chief guest in the celebration of sir Syed Ahmed’s Aligarh Muslim University[1].

Life of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Bahadur was born in Delhi of the Mughal emperor of Akbar II, which was the capital of the Mughal emperor of the ruling. There were many generations of that family was associated with the managerial posts in the Mughal Territory [1].

Maternal Grandfather:

Sir Syed’s maternal grandfather “Khawaja Fariddudin” gave services of “Wazir (lit. Minister)” in the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar Shah II [1].

Paternal Grandfather: 

Sir Syed’s paternal grandfather’s name was “Syed Haji Jawwad bin Imam-ud-din”. He was at the post of “Mansab (lit. General)” which was the highest post in a managerial position and people called him with respect as “Mir Jawwad Ali Khan” in a court of “Emperor Alamgir II”[1].

Father Syed Ahmed Muttaqi:

His father’s name was “Syed Ahmed Muttaqi” and had close to the emperor “Akbar Shah II”. He was a personal Adviser who gave comments and shares his thoughts with Emperor [1].

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s birth:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was born at that time when his father got insurance from regional insurance. The insurance was supported and assumed by “East-India Company”. The British Empire’s extinct rule of Mughal Power and state and the Mughal emperor got weak to the figurehead. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was with his elder brother “Syed Muhammad bin Muttaqi Khan” built a house in a rich city. Both brothers were raised in accord Mughal’s strictness and Mughal noble traditions and reveal to the politics [1].

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and his family
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and his family

Mother’s role in the life of Sir Syed Ahmed: 

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s mother’s name was “Aziz-un-Nisa.”.She played an important role in the life of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s life. When he was in childhood, she wanted to give him modern education, at first, he got an education of the Holy Quran to read and understand by a female instructor which was uncommon at that time. He got traditional education to the Muslim nobility in Delhi. He got education from a tutor “Lord Wellesley” of which he was trained in “Persian, Arabic, Urdu, and Orthodox religious subjects.” He read works of Muslim scholars and writers such as “Sahabi, Rumi, Ghalib.” And other instructors gave education in Mathematics, astronomy, and Islamic Jurisprudence [1].

Interest in Sports:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was fond of swimming, wrestling, and other such types of sports. He also took part in cultural activities that were held in Mughal’s court [1].

Syed Muhammad Muttaqi Khan’s first printing press:

Syed Muhammad Muttaqi Khan which was brother of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan built first printing press in the city in the Urdu Language. He also wrote a journal of “Sayed-ul-Akbar.” Sir Syed Ahmed Khan often follow study of medicine for many years but he could not complete course. Before death of his father, he was living a life of a customary for a wealthy young Muslim noble. After death of his father, he was awarded by the titles of his grandfather and father and he was awarded by the title of “Arif Jung” by Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was financially weak and he could not continue his studies. But despite it, he continued his studies in private in various subjects. He did work on the editorship of his brother’s journal. The offer came from Mughal Court for employment and he rejected that offer[1].

Profession:

He knew that Mughal politics was in danger and there was a continuously decline political power to enter services of the “East-India Company”. He did not have right to enter into the “English civil Services” due to fact that there was only 1860s native that was admitted. At first. he was appointed as a “Serestadar (lit. Clerk)” in the court of “Agra.” He was responsible for keeping records and he managed court dealings. He got a promotion in 1840 and got the title of “Munshi.” He was posted at the high-rank in the court of “Muradabad”, where he did his literary work and got fame[1].

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan knowledge about British colonial politics:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was very well aware of the high-rank of British Officials, he got closed knowledge about Britisher Colonial politics during the service in the court[1].

Indian uprising:

When there were the Indians coming towards to the highest posts in the government, Sir Syed Ahmed at that time became the chief assessment officer in the court of “Binjor.” There was a conflict between Indian Northside, due to this there were many people who died in the fighting. There was Muslim power that was affected by this fight which was living in “Delhi, Agra, Lucknow & Kanpur” these were the cities that affect by the fight. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was himself affected by the viciousness and the ending of the Mughal family among several other long-standing Kingdoms. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and other famous Muslim leaders took this as the overthrow of the Muslims Civilization[1].

Social Reforms:

There were many social reforms in Muslim society that were started by “Abdul Latif” who founded “The Muhammadan Literary Society” in Bengal. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan then founded the MAO college which later became the “Aligarh Muslim University.” He was against ignorance, superstitious and evil customs prevalent in the Indian Muslim Society. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan knew that Muslim society will not get progress if they did not get western education of science and technology. With the passage of time, Sir Syed Ahmed started taking pressure on the knowledge of practical innovation and started supporting durable interdenominational relationships between Islam and Christianity[1].

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Quotes
Sir Syed Ahmed advise to all the Muslims

Cause of the Indian Revolt:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan gave support to the Britisher in the 1857 rebellion, people criticized and there were supporters of independence that said “Jamaluddin Afghani.” This was a role played in the year of 1857 revolution[1].

Sir Syed’s Booklet:

After that, he wrote a booklet and published with the name of “Asbab-e-Baghawat-Hind (Cause of the Indian Revolt)” in which he studied and wrote the causes of the Indian revolt. In this situation, sir Syed’s most famous work, he did not take attention that the collusion was planned by that Muslims who were most rich, who begrudged the fading encouragement of Muslim sovereigns. He liable the British East-India Company for its destructive growth as well as the obliviousness of British Politicians regarding Indian Values. Sir Syed Ahmed khan gave advise to Britisher to engage Muslims to assist in Administration, to prevent what he called ‘haramzadgi’ such as rebellion[1].

The Revolt in India for the Muslims
Sir Syed ahmed Khan The Revolt in India for the Muslims

Maulana Altaf Hussain Hali wrote about the biography of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan that:

“As soon as Sir Syed reached Muradabad, he began to write the pamphlet entitled ‘The Causes of the Indian Revolt’ (Asbab-e-Baghawat-e-Hind), in which he did his best to clear the people of India, and especially the Muslims, of the charge of Mutiny. In spite of the obvious danger, he made a courageous and thorough report of the accusations people were making against the Government and refused the theory which the British had invented to explain the causes of the Mutiny.[1]”

When his work was completed and finished, there would not be a wait for an English translation. Then, Sir Syed sent the Urdu version of the printed booklet to Agra at “Mufassilat Gazette press”. After some weeks the booklets were received more than 500 copies from the printers. There were many friends of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, one of them said to him that do not send these copies to Britishers or the Government of India. His best friend named “Rae Shankar Das”, said that he does not send these booklets instead of that burn them and don’t put your life in danger. Sir Syed gave the answer that he was taking the attention of these matters for getting the attention of the British and his own people of the country, and also for government itself. He said that he can do anything for the country even he can do bear the loss of anything and they would greatly advantage the monarch, then he can happily suffer whatever happened to him. There becomes a situation that, Rae Shankar Das saw and thought that Sir Syed Ahmed will not be going back, he became silent. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan did prayer and asking for ALLAH’s ﷲ blessings, he sends almost all copies of the Pamphlet to England. He sent one to the government and he gave rest himself[1].

Inquiry against the Pamphlet:

The government of India translated the book and present in front of the Council, Lord Canning was the Governor-General and Sir Bartle Frere believed that it is the friendly report. There was foreign secretary Cecil Beadon was much against this booklet and called it the extremely subversive pamphlet. He wanted a proper Inquiry against the matter until he gets a reasonable description. There was not any member against him and the council was agreed with him, so he did not have any destruction[1].

Sir Syed Ahmed's Quotes
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Quotes to inspire the Muslims

Invitation to Canning’s Durbar:

But after that, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan invited “Lord Canning’s Durbar” in “Farrukhabad” and occurred to meet the foreign secretary there. Lord said that he was not happy with the pamphlet and more he said that if you really have an interest in Government in your heart. Sir Syed gave the answer that he already had sent the 500 copies to England and one copy sent to the Government of India. He said that he receipt for proof. Beadon was not convinced and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was asking again and again if they had no copy which more distributed in India. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was reassured to Beadon and he never mentions that topic.  After that, Beadon became the best supporter of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan[1].

Impact of Mirza Ghalib:

In the year of 1855, he completed academic work, he did well searched and prove the edition of “Abdul Fazl’s Ain-e-Akbari”, which was the most difficult book. There was a person of which name “Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib”, he could appreciate the work of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s work. He moved to Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib and wrote a “Taqriz” for it. At that time, there were many emperors that like Persian poems, and for castigating the Ai’e-Akbari, these poems were most favorite for Mughal Emperors[1].

Poem of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan wrote a poem, he felt that it should be persuaded towards a change. Mirza Ghalib was very well knowing the English Language that change in world society. He thought that English can change the society of India[1].

Academic Work:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan had fond of writing from childhood on different subjects. He wrote about 6,000 pages. He started his career when he has published books in the year of 1842. He published a book named “Asaar-us-Sanadeed (Great Moments)” in which he described special things in the medical era. Due to this, he got fame in scholarly work[1].

He completed the book of “jila-ul-Qulub bi Zikar-il Mahbub” & “Tuhfa-e-Hasan” and with the “Tahsil-fi-jar-i-Saqil” in the year of 1844. These were the works of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan in which he focused on the religious works and cultural subjects. He also published two books of “Namiqa Dar Bayan Masala Tasawwur-e-Sheikh & Silsilat ul-Mulk” in the year of 1852. He also worked on the Bible and gave the name of the book “the first Muslim”. This was the book in which he described that Islam is closer to Christianity due to “Hazrat Ibrahim”[1].

Sir Syed enjoys an evening at his home with a group of Muslim intellectuals. The child on his lap is his grandson
Sir Syed enjoys an evening at his home with a group of Muslim intellectuals & The child on his lap is his grandson

Rejection of Darwin theory:

Sir Syed Ahmed read Darwin and he said that he could not agree with the ideas of Darwin Ideas about theistic evolution and there were many Islamic scholars that were not read by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and gave view about Islam with the scientific research. Islamic Scholars were “Al-Jahiz, Ibn-e-Khaldun, & Shah Waliullah”[1].

Concluding Years and Bequest:

Sir Syed Ahmed is widely remembered crossways, South Asia, as the great Muslim reorganizer and visionary. Sir Syed Ahmed wanted that Muslims support the British Government. He was elected as a member of the “Civil Service Commission” in the year of 1887 through Lord Dufferin. In the year of 1888, he built the “United Patriotic Association” in Aligarh and wanted to promote politics by the Muslim and Britishers with both participation’s nation in British Government[1].

Last years of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan spent his last two years of life in Aligarh. He was very much ill that he died on 27th March 1898. He was buried at the back of Sir Syed Masjid which was built inside the campus of Aligarh Muslim University[1].

Prominent University in India:

The Aligarh Muslim University became the most prominent University in India. There were many students that were Alumni of this university, but there are some most prominent and most famous Alumni were “Muhammad Ali Jouhar, Abdur Rab Nashtar, Maulana Shaukat Ali, & Maulvi Abd-ul-Haq”, who is welcome in Pakistan as “Baba-e-Urdu (Father of Urdu)”. There are also two most famous personalities that were also from this University, these were the two Prime Ministers of Pakistan “Liaqat Ali Khan and Khawja Nazimuddin and there was also a president of India which came from this University graduates. In India, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan also remembered as the creator, he worked for the Muslim of India in the Social and politics grow up[1].

Aligarh Muslim University
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s founded Aligarh Muslim University

Credits:

On 2nd June 1869, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was elected as the “Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI)” due to the hard work and giving the services as Principal “Sadr Amin”. He was selected as the associated of the Calcutta and Allahabad Universities by the Viceroy in the years 1876 and 1887[1].

In the year of 1888, the government of the British gave the honor of “Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCSI)” due to the fact that he gave respect to the British Crown. India allotted the post stamp in the honor in the year of 1973 and 1998. After that, Pakistan also allotted a stamp for the Post for remembering and honoring of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan[1].

Catalog:

Authorized Works[1]:

  1. Act No. 10 according to the stamp Act (1862)
  2. Act No.14 according to the Limitation Act (1859-1864)
  3. Act No. 16 according to the About the registration of Documents- Allyson, (1864)
  4. Act No. 18 according to the women’s rights (1866)
  5. Spiritual Work[1]:
  6. Ahkam Tu’am Ahl-Kitab book from Kanpur in the year of 1868
  7. Al-du’a Wa’l Istajaba from Agra and published in the year of 1892
  8. Al-Nazar Fi Ba’z Masa’il Imam Al-Ghazali from Agra
  9. Izalat-ul-Chain as Zi’al Qarnain from Agra and was published in the year of 1889
  10. Zila-ul-Qulub ba Zikr al-Mahbub from Delhi and was published in the year of 1843
  11. Khulq-ul-Insan ala ma fi al-Quran from Agra and was published in the year of 1892
  12. Kimiya-e-Sa’at and 2 fasl were published in the year of 1883
  13. Mazumm ba nisbat tanazzul ulum-e-diniya wa Arabiya wa falsafa-e-Yunaniya from Agra and was published in the year of 1857.
  14. Namiqa fi Bayan Mas’ala Tasawwur al sheikh from Aligarh and was published in the year of 1883.
  15. Rah-e-Sunnat dar rad-e-bid’at from Aligarh and was published in the year of 1883
  16. Risala Ibtal-e-Ghulami from Agra and was published in the year of 1893
  17. Risala ho wal mojud in the year of 1880
  18. Risala Tahqiq Lafz-e-Nassara in the year of 1860
  19. Tabyin-ul-Kalam fi Tafseer-al-turat-wa’I Injeel ala Mullat-al-Islam
  20. Tafsir-ul-Quran
  21. Volume I Aligarh in the year of 1880
  22. Volume II Aligarh in the year of 1882 & Agra in 1903
  23. Volume III Aligarh in the year of 1885
  24. Volume IV Aligarh in the year of 1888
  25. Volume V Aligarh in the year of 1895
  26. Volume VI Aligarh in the year of 1905
  27. Tafsir al-Jinn Wa’l Jan ala ma fi al-Qur’an from Rahmani Press, Lahore in the year 1893 and Agra in the year 1891
  28. Tafsir-a-Samawat from Agra
  29. Tahrir fi Usul al-Tafsir from Agra in year of 1892
  30. Tarjama fawa’id al-afkar fi amal al-farjar from Delhi in year of 1846
  31. Tarqim fi qisa ashab al-kahf wal-Raqim from Agra in the year of 1889
  32. Tasfiyad al’Aquid (Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Maulana Qasim of Deobanf)
  33. Asbab-e-Baghawat-e-Hind in the year of 1875
  34. Historical Works of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Bahadur[1]:
  35. A’in-e-Akbari from Delhi
  36. Asrar-us-Sanadid (i)
  37. Syed-ul-Akbar in the year 1847
  38. Mata-e-Sultani in year 1852
  39. Description des monument de Delhi in 1852, D’a Pre Le Texte Hindostani De Saiyid Ahmad Khan from Paris in the year of 1861
  40. Jam-e-Jum from Akbarabad in the year of 1940
  41. Silsilat-ul-Muluk, Musaraf ul Mataba from Delhi in year of 1852
  42. Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi (Edition), Asiatic Society from Calcutta in the year of 1862
  43. Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri (edition Aligarh) in year of 1864

Fact-based Works[1]:

  • Al-Khutbat al-Ahmadiya fi’l Arab wa’I Sirat al-Muhammadiya: Aligarh, 1900 in the language of the English translation, London, 1869–70
  • Sirat-i-Faridiya from Agra in the year of 1896
  • Tuhfa-e-Hasan from Aligarh in the year of 1883

Services in Politics[1]:

  • Asbab-i-Baghawat-e-Hind in the Urdu 1858 and English language edition, Banaras.
  • Lecture Indian National Congress Madras Par from Kanpur in the year of 1887.
  • Lectures on Act XVI of 1864, delivered on 4 December 1864 for the Scientific Society, Aligarh, 1864.
  • Musalmanon ki kismat ka faisla from Agra in year of 1894
  • On Hunter’s: Our Indian Mussulmans’ London in the year of 1872.
  • Present State of Indian Politics from Allahabad in the year of 1888
  • Sarkashi Zilla Binjor from Agra in year of 1858

Lectures of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan [1]:

  • Iltimas be Khidmat Sakinan-i-Hindustan dar bad tarraqi ta’ lim ahl-i.Hind from Ghazipore in the year of 1863
  • Lecture dar bab targhib wa tahris Talim itfal-i-Musalmanan, in the year of 1895 and later from Agra in the year of 1896.
  • Lecture Madrasaat ul-Ulum Aligarh Key Tarikhi halat UykjhuhfPar from Agra in year of 1889.
  • Lecture Ijlas Dahum Muhammadan Educational Conference from Agra in the year of 1896.
  • Lecture Muta’liq Ijlas Yazdahum Muhammadan Educational Conference from Agra in the year of 1896.
  • Majmu’a Resolution Haye dah sala (Resolutions passed by the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental Educational Conference from 1886 to 1895) edited by Sir Syed Ahmad from Agra in the year of 1896.
  • Report Salana (Annual Report of the Boarding House of Madrasat-ul-Ulum 1879–1880).

Collected Works[1]:

  • Khutut-i-Sir Syed, ed Ross Masud in year of 1924
  • Majuma Lecture Kaye Sir Syed ed. Munshi Sirajuddin from Sadhora in the year of 1892
  • Maqalat-i-Sir-Syed ed. by ‘Abdullah Khvesgri from Aligarh in the year of 1952
  • Maqalat-i-Sir Syed, ed. By Muhammad Ismail from Lahore
  • Makatib-i-Sir Syed, Mushtaq Husain from Delhi in the year of 1960
  • Maktubat-i-Sir Syed, Muhammad Ismail Panipati from Lahore in the year of 1959
  • Makummal Majumua Lectures wa speeches. Edited by Malik Fazaluddin from Lahore in the year of 1900.
  • Muktubat al-Khullan ed. Mohd. Usman Maqbul from Aligarh in year of 1915
  • Tasanif-i-Ahmadiya (Collection of Syed Ahmad Khan’s works on religious topics) in 8 parts.
  • Stress on the Holy Quran
  • Reformation of Faith

Various [1]:

  1. On the Use of the Sector (Urdu), Syed-ul-Akbar in the year of 1846
  2. Qaul-i-Matin dar Ibtal-i-Harkat I Zamin from Delhi in the year of 1848
  3. Tashil fi Jar-a-Saqil from Agra in year of 1844
  4. Ik Nadan Khuda Parast aur Dana dunyadar Ki Kahani from Badaon in year of 1910
  5. Kalamat-ul-Hqq from Aligarh

Quarterlies, information, and reports [1]:

  • Tehzeeb-ul-Ikhlaq
  • Aligarh Institute Gazette
  • Proceedings of the Muhammadans Educational Conference
  • An Account of the Loyal Muhammadans of India, Parts I, II, III, Moufussel Press, Meerut, 1860
  • Proceedings of the Scientific Society
  • By-Laws of the Scientific Society
  • Addresses and speeches relating to the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in Aligarh (1875–1898) ed. Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk, Aligarh, 1898

References:

1. Wikipedia. 12th August 2020; Available from: Wikipedia


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