Muhammad Rafiq Tarar

Muhammad Rafiq Tarar 9th President of Pakistan
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Introduction:

CountryPakistan
Date of Birth2nd November 1929
Place of birthGhakar Mandi, Punjab, British Raj
EducationLLB (Hons.)
AlumniPunjab University
Political PartyPakistan Muslim League (N)
InterestPolitics
ProfessionJurist
CabinetSharif Cabinet
RelationsSaira Afzal Tarar (Daughter-in-Law)
1st PostChief Justice of the Lahore High Court
Period of post6th March 1989 – 31st October 1991
2nd PostSenior Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan
Period of Post17th January 1991 – 1st November 1994
3rd PostMember of Senate of Pakistan
Period of Post1997 – 1998
3rd Post9th President of Pakistan
Period of Post1st January 1998 – 20th June 2001
AgeAbout 90 years old

Basic Information:

Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was born on 2nd November 1929 in a town of Gujranwala, Ghakar, Punjab. At that time, there were British rulers, he studied there and became the 9th President of Pakistan. He is a Pakistani Politician and retired senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He gave services from 20th January 1998 and resigned from the office on 20th June 2001. Muhammad Rafiq was enforced step down and accepting from the Premiership by the Chief Executive Pervez Musharraf after delivering the decision-making declaration in 2001. He was at last flourished by Musharraf by the vote which was whispered in 2002[1].

Chairman Muhammad Rafiq Tarar in the organization of Nazia-e-Pakistan
Chairman Muhammad Rafiq Tarar in the organization of Nazria-e-Pakistan

Tarar’s life and education:

Muhamad Rafiq Tarar was born in a village of Pirkot, Ghakar Mandi, he was living in a local village in the District of Gujranwala of Province Punjab. He was born when there was a ruling of British India on 2nd November 1929. His family from the Deobandi section of Islam. He got education from Islamia College and got admission in Punjab University. He learned studies of B.A. Islamic studies and got a degree in 1949. When he was in college, he was a big fan of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and was an activist of the Pakistan Muslim League[2].

When Pakistan was created, he gave the services as a charitable job as a liberation worker in campgrounds set up by the Muslim Students Federation for Indian settlers, immigration from the riot-torn India to Pakistan. Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was enrolled in Punjab University and completed his degree of LLB (Hons.) in 1951. After completing his education, he got a job in Lahore High Court as Pleader[2].

iqbal gave the message of solidarity tarar
iqbal gave the message of solidarity tarar

Jurisdictional Vocation:

He joined the High Court of Lahore in the year of 1951 as a Pleader. He also worked in the court as an advocate in the High Court of Lahore from the year of October 1955. He needed to do his work and passed the exam of Bar, established his law firm in Gujranwala, became the preeminent as a judge in District Courts and Session Judge. Soon, he became the Judge of High Court in Lahore, gave the services as a member of the Election Commission of Pakistan, and represent Punjab. Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was appointed as the Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in the year of January 1991. At the age of 65 years, he retired from the post of Judge in November 1994[2].

After retirement from the Judiciary in March 1997, he started a legal political career and joined Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (N). He got elected as a Senator in the year 1997 and secure the ticket of the party[2].

President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar with Husein Dawood
President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar with Husein Dawood

President of Pakistan:

He became the 9th President of Pakistan after the resignation of Farooq Laghari in the year of 1997. When there was the election on 31st December 1997 which was an indirect election, he got a huge margin and got 374/457 votes of the Electoral College against Aftab Mirani of Pakistan’s Peoples Party PPP, he got only 31 votes and Muhammad Shirani of Jamiat Ulma Islam (S) got only 22 votes. At that time, this was a great margin in the elections[2].

After becoming the President of Pakistan, he didn’t have a High Profile as the other leader does, has a low profile, and doesn’t like to famous on media. He remained a dedicated servant and loyal from the Sharif family. He easily signed on the 13th, 14th & 15th amendments for the Constitution of Pakistan in which the President powers will be limited[2].

Elimination of Powers of President:

The powers of the President were been removed slowly over the years, of which it ends in the year of 1997 after the 13th Amendment to the constitution of Pakistan. He made the office almost completely representative in nature as per the true essence of the Pakistani Constitution[2].

Removing of Muhammad Rafiq Tarar from President’s post:

He did not sanction the 1999 Pakistani army downfall by the Pakistani Military which raised General Pervez Musharraf, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Committee, since he was appointed by the Nawaz Sharif-regime. General Pervez Musharraf who was acting as the Chief Executive in capacity, enforce the Legal Framework Order, 2002; Musharraf removed Tarar as he read the paragraph: “Mr. Muhammad Rafiq Tarar has ceased to hold the office of the President with immediate effect” [2].

Retirement:

Muhammad Rafiq Tarar took retirement from national politics and stable in Lahore. He has a good relationship with Nawaz Sharif and is a close relationship with the Sharif family. His former daughter in law, Saira Tarar was a member of the third Sharif Ministry, she was serving in the Ministry of National Health Services Regulation and Coordination[2].

Muhammad Rafiq Tarar and his former Daughter in law
Muhammad Rafiq Tarar and his former Daughter in law
Mr. Masood Jabbar and Mr. Muhammad Rafiq Tarar at the LUMS Convocation 2000
PAKISTAN: NEW PRESIDENT Muhammad RAFIQ TARAR SWORN IN

References:

1.            Wikipedia. 22nd August 2020; Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Rafiq_Tarar.

2.            peoplepill. 22nd August 2020; Available from: https://peoplepill.com/people/muhammad-rafiq-tarar/.


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