The Inventor of Laser
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The Inventor of Laser:

Basic InformationTheodore Maiman
NationalityUnited States of America
Date of Birth11th July 1927
Place of BirthTheodore Harold Maiman
Date of Death5th May 2007
Place of DeathVancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Cause of DeathNatural
Age79 years old
SchoolN / A
High School / CollegeN / A
UniversityThe University of Colorado Boulder, Stanford University
OccupationScientist
Career1955 – 2007
Famous forInventing the laser
TitleLaser maker
Other worksPhysics, electrical engineering
SpouseN / A
AwardsStuart Ballantine Medal (1962),
Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (1966),
Wolf Prize in Physics (1983),
Japan Prize (1987)

Abstract:

A laser is now a day is becoming famous all over the world. It uses in cutting different products and making a new shape. The laser was effectively terminated on 16th May 1960. In a July 7, 1960, public interview in Manhattan, Maiman and his boss, Hughes Aircraft Company, declared the laser to the world. Maiman was allowed a patent for his innovation, and he got numerous honors constantly for his work. Maiman’s encounters in building up the primary laser and ensuing related occasions are portrayed in his book, The Laser Odyssey.

Early life and Education:

Maiman was brought into the world in Los Angeles, California to Abraham “Abe” Maiman, an electrical specialist and designer, and Rose Abramson. At a youthful age, his family moved to Denver, Colorado, where he helped his dad with experimentation in a home hardware lab. In his youngsters, Maiman brought in cash by fixing electrical machines and radios, and in the wake of leaving secondary school was utilized as a lesser designer with the National Union Radio Company at age 17[1].

Got admission in U.S Navy before World War II:

Following a year’s administration in the U.S. Naval force toward the finish of World War II, he acquired a B.S. in Engineering Physics from the University of Colorado. Maiman then proceeded to graduate examinations at Stanford University where he acquired an M.S. in Electrical Engineering in 1951 and a Ph.D. in Physics in 1955[2].

His doctoral proposition in exploratory material science, under the bearing of physicist Willis Lamb, included definite microwave-optical estimations of fine basic splittings in energized helium particles. He likewise conceived research facility instrumentation for Lamb’s tests. Maiman distributed two articles mutually with Lamb in Physical Review, the second depended on his theory research. His postulation analysis was instrumental in his advancement of the laser. [2]

Joining of Atomic Physics Department of the Hughes Aircraft Company:

In 1956 Maiman began work with the Atomic Physics Department of the Hughes Aircraft Company (later Hughes Research Laboratories or HRL Laboratories) in California where he drove the ruby maser upgrade venture for the U.S. Armed force Signal Corps, decreasing it from a 2.5-ton cryogenic gadget to 4 pounds while improving its performance.:88 because of this achievement Maiman convinced Hughes the executives to utilize organization assets to help his laser venture starting in mid-1959. On a complete spending plan of $50,000, Maiman went to the improvement of a laser dependent on his plan with an engineered ruby gem, which different researchers looking to make a laser felt would not work[2].

In the early 1950s, Charles Townes (left) invented the maser, a predecessor of the modern laser
In the early 1950s, Charles Townes (left) invented the maser, a predecessor of the modern laser

Human’s first sound light with beams:

On 16th May 1960, at Hughes’ Malibu, California, labs, Maiman’s strong state pink ruby laser produced humankind’s first sound light with beams in no way different frequency and completely in the stage. Maiman archived his creation in Nature and distributed other insightful articles depicting the science and innovation fundamental of his laser. [2]

Maiman had started conceptualizing a strong state laser plan even before he attempted the maser venture at Hughes.:45:45 Moving the microwave recurrence of masers up the electromagnetic range 50,000-crease to the recurrence of light would require finding a doable lasing medium and excitation source and planning the system.:34–37 Other significant examination bunches at IBM, Bell Labs, MIT, Westinghouse, RCA, and Columbia University, among others, were likewise seeking after undertakings to build up a laser[2].

Investigation and proposition on different liquids:

Their work was invigorated by a 1958 paper by Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes offering hypothetical investigation and a proposition for a vaporous framework utilizing potassium fume energized by a potassium lamp.:216:92 However, Maiman distinguished different imperfections in the Schawlow-Townes proposition and sought after his own strong state design.:111:151–156 His effective plan used manufactured pink ruby precious stone as the lasing medium and a helical xenon streak light as the excitation source.:226–234:170–182 As Townes later expressed, “Maiman’s laser had a few viewpoints not considered in our hypothetical paper, nor examined by others before the ruby demonstration.” [2]

The innovation of the laser in 1961:

Following his innovation of the laser, in 1961 Maiman and seven partners withdrew Hughes to join the recently shaped Quantatron organization, which filled in-house ruby gems for lasers. In 1962 Maiman was established and turned into the leader of the Korad Corporation, which made high-power ruby lasers. After Korad was completely obtained by Union Carbide in 1968, Maiman left to establish Maiman Associates, an investment firm. In 1971 Maiman established the Laser Video Corporation, and from 1976 to 1983 he functioned as VP for cutting edge innovation at TRW Electronics (presently Northrop Grumman).:232 He later filled in as an advisor to Laser Centers of America, Inc. (presently LCA-Vision Inc.) and head of Control Laser Corporation. Maiman proceeded with his contribution to laser advancements and applications. Notwithstanding his patent for the primary working laser, Maiman wrote various licenses on masers, lasers, laser shows, optical examining, and regulation. [2]

Maiman got various prizes, grants, and honors throughout the years for his advancement of the principal laser. He was given enrollment in both the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering. He was made a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America (OSA), and the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). In 1962 Maiman was granted the Franklin Institute’s Stuart Ballantine Medal for material science[2].

Steps to the Light Fantastic
Steps to the Light Fantastic

Linking in the American Physical Society:

In 1966 Maiman got the American Physical Society’s Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize and the Fannie and John Hertz Foundation Award for recognized commitment in the field of science, introduced in a White House function by President Lyndon B. Johnson. In 1976 Maiman was granted the Optical Society of America’s R.W. Wood Prize for “Pioneer Development of the First Laser”. He was the beneficiary of the 1983/84 Wolf Prize in Physics and was additionally accepted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame that year. In 1987 Maiman was granted the Japan Prize in Electro-Optics for “acknowledgment of the world’s first laser.” [2]

In 1994 he was accepted as a privileged individual of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, the main non-doctor, non-illustrious part. Time magazine referred to Maiman’s creation of the laser as among the twenty most significant innovative advancements of the twentieth century. Numerous colleges conceded Maiman privileged degrees, with the last from Simon Fraser University in 2002[2].

Student paper competition:

Acknowledgment for Maiman and his laser creation proceeded after death. In a 2007 tribute, maser co-creator Charles H. Townes portrayed Maiman’s 1960 Nature article on his laser as “likely more significant per word than any of the papers distributed by Nature over the previous century.” The yearly Theodore Maiman Student Paper Competition was set up in 2008, invested by significant laser gatherings, and is regulated by the OSA Foundation. In 2010 various occasions were arranged worldwide by major logical and industry photonics associations to praise the 50th commemoration of Maiman’s first laser and resulting lasers under the umbrella of LaserFest. Identified with these occasions, the U.S. Congress passed a goal commending the creation of the laser and referring to Maiman. Likewise, in 2010 Maiman’s laser accomplishment was perceived as an IEEE Milestone, and the American Physical Society gave Hughes Research Laboratories a plaque to recognize the memorable site of the world’s first laser[2].

Theodore Maiman, Inventor of Laser, American physicist

In 2011 Maiman was perceived by Stanford University as a “Stanford Engineering Hero,” referring to his “uncommon mix of cutting edge preparing in material science and designing joined with critical lab experience.” In 2014 the National Academy of Sciences distributed a personal diary of Maiman including recognition by Nick Holonyak, Jr[2].

Death:

Maiman passed on from foundational mast cytosis on 5th May 2007 in Vancouver, Canada, where he lived with his better half, Kathleen[2].

Conclusion:

It is concluded that the laser is very important for making the product design from a raw material. There are many uses of laser which is being used in cars making design, cutlery, jewelry, and many other products.

In this video from 1983, Ted Maiman recalls the birth of the laser in his lab at Hughes.

References:

1.            wikipedia. 25th November 2020; Available from: wikipedia.

2.            peoplepill. 25th November 2020; Available from: peoplepill.


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