Tim Berners-Lee “Inventor of HTML World Wide Web (WWW)” and Håkon Wium Lie “Inventor of Cascading Style Sheet (CSS)”

inventor of website and css
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Basic InformationTim Berners-LeeHåkon Wium Lie
NationalityEnglandNorway
Date of Birth8th June 195516th July 1965
Place of BirthLondon, EnglandHalden, Norway
Date of DeathAliveAlive
Place of DeathAliveAlive
Age65 years old55 years old
SchoolEmanuel School, London 1969-73N / A
High School / CollegeThe Queen’s CollegeØstfold University College, West Georgia College
UniversityOxford University, England, BA Hons (I) Physics, 1973-1976.University of Oslo
OccupationInventor, ScientistInventor, scientist
Career1978 – Present 
Famous forWorld wide web (WWW), HTMLCascading style sheet (CSS) for web designing
TitleScientist, inventorInventor of CSS
Other worksCERN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, World Wide Web Consortium, The University of Oxford, University of SouthamptonPolitics, Civic activities
SpouseNancy Carlson (div 2011), ​Rosemary Leith  N / A
AwardsTuring Award (2016), Queen Elizabeth Prize (2013), Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (2009), Order of Merit (2007), ACM Software System Award (1995)In 1999, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100, In 2001, he was a Technology Pioneer at the World Economic Forum in Davos, In 2017, Wium Lie held a keynote at the WeAreDevelopers Conference 2017

Introduction:

Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee known as TimBL, is an English PC researcher most popular as the creator of the World Wide Web. He is a Professorial Fellow of Computer Science at the University of Oxford and a teacher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Berners-Lee proposed a data the executive’s framework on 12 March 1989, at that point actualized the primary effective correspondence between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) customer and worker through the web in mid-November. Berners-Lee is the head of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) which regulates the proceeded advancement of the Web. Håkon Wium Lie is a Norwegian web pioneer, a guidelines dissident, and the Chief Technology Officer of Opera Software from 1998 until the program was offered to new proprietors in 2016. He is most popular for creating Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) while working with Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau at CERN in 1994.

Tim Berners-Lee:

Tim Berners-Lee is a product engineer who developed the Internet (or the World Wide Web) in 1989 while at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory. He is the overseer of the World Wide Web Consortium that he established and a Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Oxford. In 2001 he turned into a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 2004 he was knighted[1].

I Was Devastated” Tim Berners-Lee, the Man Who Created the World Wide Web
I Was Devastated” Tim Berners-Lee, the Man Who Created the World Wide Web

Early life and education:

Timothy John Berners-Lee was conceived in London on June 8, 1955. His folks were Mary Lee Woods and Conway Berners-Lee; he had three kin. The Berners-Lee couple worked with the absolute first historically speaking business PC, the Ferranti Mark 1 so you could state that PCs were his heritage[1].

He went to Sheen Mount Primary school at that point went through four years at Emanuel School in southwest London. As a kid, he was a sharp train-spotter and took in about hardware through playing with his model railroad. After his school years, Berners-Lee was selected at the University of Oxford at Queen’s College for a very long time and got a first-class degree in quite a while in 1976[1].

Career:

After graduating Berners-Lee discovered work as a specialist for Plessey Telecom situated in Poole, Dorset and he dealt with dispersed exchange frameworks, message transfers, and scanner tag innovation. In 1978 he moved to D.G. Nash in Ferndown, Dorset which was controlled by two of his companions Dennis Nash and John Poole, where he made sort setting programming for printers and composed and performing multiple tasks working framework[1].

From June to December in 1980, he worked for the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) as a free programming engineer. While he was there, he made a proposition for an undertaking dependent on “hypertext” which would make sharing and refreshing of data by scientists simpler and more helpful. Berners-Lee at that point conceived a model framework called ENQUIRE to show how it would function. The name originated from a Victorian book called “Enquire Within Upon Everything.” [1]

After he left CERN in late 1980, Berners-Lee turned into a Director at John Poole’s Image Computer Systems LTD in Bournemouth, Dorset. For a very long time, he was accountable for the specialized side of the organization and picked up involvement with PC systems administration, illustrations, and correspondences programming[1].

In 1983 Vinton Cerf made the primary business web “email” framework where data could be shared between people utilizing email addresses. Berners-Lee, with his ENQUIRE proposition, needed to devise a framework that was consequently accessible to everybody. Berners-Lee got back to CERN in 1984 as a Fellow and by 1989 CERN was additionally the biggest web hub in the European mainland[1].

How Sir Tim Berners-Lee is returning the Web to the people
How Sir Tim Berners-Lee is returning the Web to the people

Berners-Lee saw his opportunity to merge hypertext with the web and created his thought, Information Management: A Proposal”, in March 1989, to share data universally, without the requirement for messages. The framework was named the World Wide Web and Berners-Lee additionally planned and constructed the primary internet browser[1].

Early Web:

The primary site was worked at CERN and was distributed on August 6, 1991; its location was info.cern.ch. furthermore, it went about as both a web worker and a site. A NeXT PC situated at CERN was utilized to run it. The main site contained data about Berners-Lee’s undertaking so guests could find out about hypertext (HTTP) and find out about building website pages, so they could make their own. By 1992 there were 50 workers and by 1994 there were more than 2 million clients, with 150,000 new clients being added each month. Anyway, the Web was still intensely in the scholastic field[1].

In 1994 Berners-Lee established the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at the Laboratory of Computer Science (LCS) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston. It was comprised of organizations that needed to cooperate to make Web norms and improve the Web. It has immediately concurred that the innovation ought to be liberated from eminences and licenses. Berners-Lee has filled in as overseer of this W3C since it was established. In 1995 Microsoft delivered the main form of Internet Explorer and this business program made tremendous development in sites and web clients. The Web was first utilized for web-based business in 1997[1].

Later Career:  

In June 2009, British PM Gordon Brown made the declaration that Berners-Lee, along with Nigel Shadbolt, would be working with the UK government so they could make information more available and open to individuals that required it on the site data.gov.uk. [1]

Berners-Lee holds the organizer’s seat in Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 2016 he joined the Department of Computer Science at Oxford University as a scholarly exploration individual[1].

World Wide Web inventor plans a new version to bypass big tech companies
World Wide Web inventor plans a new version to bypass big tech companies

Individual and Awards:  

Berners-Lee wedded Nancy Carlson, a developer investigator, in 1990 and they had two kids before they were separated in 2011. He wedded Rosemary Leith, overseer of the World Wide Web Foundation, in 2014. In 2001 he turned into a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 2004 he was knighted. He was named to the Order of Merit in 2007. In April of 2009, the US National Academy of Sciences chose him as an unfamiliar partner[1].

In 2016 he was granted The ACM A.M. Turing Award “For designing the World Wide Web, the primary internet browser, and the key conventions and calculations permitting the Web to scale.” [1]

Tim Berners-Lee: A Magna Carta for the web

Håkon Wium Lie:

Håkon Wium Lie (brought into the world July 16, 1965) is a Norwegian web pioneer, a principles extremist, and the Chief Technology Officer of Opera Software from 1998 until the program was offered to new proprietors in 2016. He is most popular for creating Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) while working with Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau at CERN in 1994[2].

Håkon Wium Lie demonstrates the twisting screen
Håkon Wium Lie demonstrates the twisting screen

Training and vocation:

Håkon Wium Lie went to Østfold University College, West Georgia College, and MIT Media Lab, getting an MS in Visual Studies in 1991. On 17th February 2006, he effectively shielded his Ph.D. theory at the University of Oslo. His Ph.D. proposition is the foundation of the causes of CSS and reasoning to a portion of the plan choices behind it especially for why a few highlights were excluded and why CSS abstains from attempting to become DSSSL.He has worked for, among others, the W3C, INRIA, CERN, MIT Media Lab, and Norwegian telecom research in Televerket[2].

Web Standards:

While working with Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau at CERN in 1994, he proposed the idea of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). As an exhibit and testbed, he incorporated CSS into the Arena internet browser, which turned into the primary CSS usage[2].

After joining W3C in 1995, he chipped away at the CSS details, including CSS1, CSS2, and RFC 2318 (March 1998). The majority of these details were created with Bert Bos, who is viewed as a co-maker of CSS. Throughout the following decade, CSS set up itself as one of the basic web guidelines, with a significant effect on typography, style, and availability on the web[2].

Alongside his work on the CSS determinations, Wium Lie has been a lobbyist for norms all in all. In 2005, he composed an open letter to Bill Gates of Microsoft, inquiring as to why Microsoft’s Internet Explorer didn’t uphold normal web principles. A couple of days later, when Bill Gates reported that Internet Explorer 7 would be dispatched, Wium Lie reacted by dispatching the Acid2 challenge to Microsoft. Albeit fundamentally focused at Microsoft, the Acid2 test was likewise hard for different programs. From that point forward, Acid2 and the resulting Acid3 have set up themselves as benchmark tests which all programs are estimated against[2].

In 2006, Wium Lie began lobbying for programs to help downloadable web text styles utilizing normal text style designs. Starting in 2011, all significant program sellers have actualized web textual styles thusly[2].

In 2007, Wium Lie began lobbying for the video component to make it simpler to distribute video on the web. At Google I/O in 2011, Wium Lie introduced the video component in blend with the WebM design which Google had publicly released[2].

In 2008, he was representative of a gathering of specialized advisory group individuals who surrendered over the choice by Standards Norway to decide in favor of the endorsement of OOXML[2].

Wium Lie has likewise advanced the idea of printing from the web. The third release of his book on CSS, co-created with Bert Bos, was delivered from HTML and CSS documents. These records were then changed over to PDF by the Prince XML + CSS formatter. In 2005, he joined the leading body of YesLogic, the organization that makes the Prince formatter. Expanding on his involvement in web printing, in 2011 Wium Lie proposed to stretch out CSS to help pagination on screens. He has contended against the utilization of arranging items and CSS Regions on the web[2].

Bert Bos & Håkon Wium Lie about CSS Reset on CSS Day 2017
Bert Bos & Håkon Wium Lie about CSS Reset on CSS Day 2017

CTO of Opera Software:

In April 1999, Wium Lie joined Opera Software in Oslo, Norway as CTO. His move was propelled by observing Opera developers gain more ground on actualizing CSS in a quarter of a year than what Netscape and Microsoft had accomplished in three years[2].

At Opera, he initiated the advancement of portable programs, specifically little screen delivering of website pages. Little screen delivering empowered Opera to show typical pages on the little screens generally found on highlight telephones running the Opera Mini program. At the point when Opera Software recorded an objection against Microsoft in the EU over Internet Explorer in 2007, Wium Lie was a representative, focusing on the requirement for Microsoft to completely uphold web principles in their program. Show’s protest prompted a settlement where Microsoft began offering rival programs from a program decision screen to Windows clients in Europe, and Wium Lie announced this a triumph for the web[2].

In 2013, Opera began a slow change from its own Presto web motor, to the WebKit motor additionally utilized by Safari and Google Chrome. Wium Lie said that it appeared well and good to work with the open-source networks than to keep building up its own motor[2].

Political and metro exercises:

In 2005, when lawmakers announced destruction against promoting towers on open asphalts in Oslo, Wium Lie began the Stans.no lobby. In 2009, Stans!no recorded a suit against the city for permitting promoting pinnacles to be inherent public spots, and the city thusly purchased the publicizing towers and destroyed them. After the publicizing towers were eliminated, Stans.no has kept neutralizing different sorts of promoting in the public space[2].

To urge patrons to help the OLPC venture, in 2008 he requested 100 workstations and transformed his Oslo home into a brief OLPC town. In 2012 he helped to establish the Pirate Party of Norway, and he ran as their competitor in the 2013 political decision and the 2019 political race. In 2014, he proposed to utilize the two unused Norwegian TLDs (.sj and .bv) to make protection improved zones[2].

Wium Lie is a self-pronounced social leftist and he has contributed financially to social and political causes. In 2007 he gave a critical commitment to the new Oslo Opera House. In 2017, he was an underlying speculator in the Norwegian online paper Resett expressing it was important to help give a stage to Helge Lurås, a pundit of NATO crusades in Afghanistan and Libya, and Bjørn Ihler, an overcomer of the Utøya slaughter[2].

Wium Lie is against Norwegian enrollment in the EEA and when the gathering Alliansen was framed as an enemy of the EEA party in 2017 he was on the political decision list for parliament for Akershus. Nonetheless, Wium Lie reprimanded the gathering before the political race because of its moving stage[2].

Interview with Håkon Wium Lie. The inventor of CSS explaining
Interview with Håkon Wium Lie. The inventor of CSS explaining

In 2018, Wium Lie was sued by Lovdata for distributing Norwegian court choices on rettspraksis.no, a volunteer site. In under 24 hours, the site was shut by the Oslo court, and Wium Lie was condemned to take care of the lawful tabs of Lovdata. Under Norwegian law, court choices are absolved from copyright yet Wium Lie was not permitted to show up in court. In the wake of this choice, individuals from the Norwegian Parliament have requested changes in how Lovdata is composed. The case has been advanced and will be chosen by the Supreme Court of Norway[2].

Individual life:

Wium Lie lives in Oslo, Norway. There, he has begun electronic missions against tall structures and promoting in the public space. Wium Lie additionally keeps up a carpentry studio and runs a natural ranch[2].

Grants and acknowledgment:

In 1999, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100 as one of the best 100 trend-setters on the planet younger than 35. In 2001, he was a Technology Pioneer at the World Economic Forum in Davos[2].

In 2017, Wium Lie held a feature at the Wearedevelopers Conference 2017, discussing his commitments to the web today with the production of CSS, and how it has developed along with the web itself up to its present status[2].

Håkon Wium Lie Introduces World Browser Day

Conclusion:

Tim Berners-Lee is the inventor of the HTML which is known to be the worldwide web (WWW). He is known as the father of the website created and invented by him. The first website was created and used by him at that time. At that time, it was used in the University locally for private use, after that it is been opened for the local public and now it is commonly used all over the world. Without the web and the internet, no one can communicate and without the internet, life looks boring. After that, his companion invents Lie invented another language for making the website look better and giving it style. He is known to be the father of a cascading style sheet. He worked with Tim Berners-Lee in the W3C. Now he is working at the Opera and also living with his family. He has fond of classical music and painting. He said that, if the CSS was not invented, the designers would have very difficulties in designing the website and making their website differ from others.


References:

1.            famousscientists. 28th October 2020; Available from: https://www.famousscientists.org/timothy-john-berners-lee/

2.            peoplepill. 28th October 2020; Available from: https://peoplepill.com/people/hakon-wium-lie/


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