Mahatma Gandhi and George Washington

Mahatma Gandhi and Geroge Washington
Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

Basic InformationMahatma GandhiGeorge Washington
Date of Birth2nd October 186922nd February 1732
Place of BirthPorbandar, Kathiawar Agency, Bombay Presidency, British IndiaPopes Creek, Virginia, British America
Age78 years old67 years old
Date of Death30th January 194814th December 1799
Place of DeathNew Delhi, Dominion of IndiaMount Vernon, Virginia, U.S.
SchoolAlfred High SchoolAppleby Grammar School
CollegeSamaldas Arts CollegeCollege of William & Mary
UniversityUniversity College London, Inner templeN / A
Cause of deathAssassination (gunshot wounds)Epiglottitis
OccupationLawyer, Politician, Activist, WriterArmy, politician, President
Career1893–19481752 – 1799
PostPresident of the Indian National Congress (1924 – 1925)Colonel (Colonial forces), General and Commander in Chief (Continental Army), Lieutenant General (U.S. Army), General of the Armies (promoted posthumously in 1976 by Congress)
Famous forIndian Independence Movement, Nonviolent resistance1st President of the United States
Wars French and Indian War, Battle of Jumonville Glen, Battle of Fort Necessity, Braddock Expedition, Battle of the Monongahela, Forbes Expedition, American Revolutionary War, Boston campaign, New York and New Jersey campaign, Philadelphia campaign, Yorktown campaign, Northwest Indian War, Whiskey Rebellion
Other ActivitiesThe Story of My Experiments with Truth, Indian independence movementIndependent political leader
SpouseKasturba Gandhi (m. 1883; died 1944)Martha Dandridge ​ (m. 1759)
AwardsN / ACongressional Gold Medal, Thanks of Congress

Abstract:

The 20th century’s most famous apostle of non-violence himself met a violent end. Mohandas Mahatma (‘the great soul’) Gandhi, who had taken a leading role in spearheading the campaign for independence from Britain, hailed the partition of the sub-continent into the separate independent states of India and Pakistan in August 1947 as ‘the noblest act of the British nation’. George Washington was an American political pioneer, military general, legislator, and Founding Father who filled in as the primary leader of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Beforehand, he drove Patriot powers to triumph in the country’s War for Independence. He managed at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which set up the U.S. Constitution and a government. Washington has been known as the “Father of His Country” for his complex authority in the developmental days of the new country[1].

Mahatma Gandhi:

Early Life and Education:

Indian patriot pioneer Gandhi (conceived Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was conceived on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then essential for the British Empire. Gandhi’s dad, Karamchand Gandhi, filled in as the main clergyman in Porbandar and different states in western India. His mom, Putlibai, was a profoundly strict lady who abstained routinely[1].

Mahatma Gandhi wasted no time even on trains
Mahatma Gandhi wasted no time even on trains

Youthful Gandhi was a modest, mediocre understudy who was meek to the point that he laid down with the lights on even as a youngster. In the following years, the young person revolted by smoking, eating meat, and taking change from family unit workers[1].

Although Gandhi was keen on turning into a specialist, his dad trusted he would likewise turn into an administration service and controlled him to enter the lawful calling. In 1888, 18-year-old Gandhi cruised for London, England, to consider the law. The youthful Indians battled with the change to Western culture[1].

After getting back to India in 1891, Gandhi discovered that his mom had kicked the bucket only weeks sooner. He battled to pick up his balance as a legal advisor. In his first court case, an apprehensive Gandhi blanked when the opportunity arrived to question an observer. He quickly fled the court in the wake of repaying his customer for his legitimate charges[1].

Gandhi’s Religion and Beliefs:

Gandhi grew up revering the Hindu god Vishnu and following Jainism, an ethically thorough old Indian religion that embraced peacefulness, fasting, contemplation, and vegetarianism. During Gandhi’s first remain in London, from 1888 to 1891, he turned out to be more dedicated to a meatless eating routine, joining the leader board of trustees of the London Vegetarian Society and began to peruse an assortment of hallowed writings to become familiar with world religions[1].

Living in South Africa, Gandhi kept on examining world religions. “The strict soul inside me turned into a living power,” he composed of his time there. He submerged himself in sacrosanct Hindu otherworldly messages and embraced an existence of straightforwardness, somberness, fasting, and abstinence that was liberated from material merchandise[1].

Gandhi in South Africa:

After battling to look for some kind of employment as a legal counselor in India, Gandhi acquired a one-year agreement to perform lawful administrations in South Africa. In April 1893, he cruised for Durban in the South African territory of Natal[1].

Peaceful Civil Disobedience:

An original second happened on June 7, 1893, during a train excursion to Pretoria, South Africa, when a white man had a problem with Gandhi’s essence in the top of the line railroad compartment, although he had a ticket. Declining to move to the rear of the train, Gandhi was persuasively taken out and lost the train at a station in Pietermaritzburg[1].

Gandhi’s demonstration of common rebellion got up in him an assurance to commit himself to battle the “profound infection of shading bias.” He promised that night to “attempt, if conceivable, to uncover the sickness and endure difficulties all the while.” [1]

Satyagraha:

In 1906, Gandhi composed his first mass common noncompliance crusade, which he called “Satyagraha” (“truth and immovability”), in response to the South African Transvaal government’s new limitations on the privileges of Indians, including the refusal to perceive Hindu relationships[1].

Mahatma spoke of reimagining Cong, not disbanding it
Mahatma spoke of reimagining Cong, not disbanding it

Following quite a while of fights, the administration detained several Indians in 1913, including Gandhi. Under tension, the South African government acknowledged a tradeoff haggled by Gandhi and General Jan Christian Smuts that included acknowledgment of Hindu relationships and the cancelation of a survey charge for Indians[1].

Gandhi and the Salt March:

Gandhi got back to dynamic legislative issues in 1930 to fight Britain’s Salt Acts, which not just disallowed Indians from gathering or selling salt a dietary staple yet forced a hefty assessment that hit the nation’s most unfortunate especially hard. Gandhi arranged another Satyagraha crusade, The Salt March, that involved a 390-kilometer/240-mile walk to the Arabian Sea, where he would gather salt in representative resistance of the administration imposing business model[1].

“My desire is no not exactly to change over the British individuals through peacefulness and in this manner make them see some unacceptable they have done to India,” he composed days before the walk to the British emissary, Lord Irwin[1].

Death of Mahatma Gandhi:

On 30th January 1948, 78-year-old Gandhi was shot and executed by Hindu radical Nathuram Godse, who was resentful about Gandhi’s resilience of Muslims. Debilitated from rehashed hunger strikes, Gandhi clung to his two grandnieces as they drove him from his living quarters in New Delhi’s Birla House to a late-evening petition meeting. Godse bowed before the Mahatma before pulling out a self-loader gun and firing him multiple times at point-clear reach. The vicious demonstration ended the life of a conservative who consumed his time on earth lecturing peacefulness. Godse and a co-plotter were executed by hanging in November 1949. Extra backstabbers were condemned to live in jail[1].

Mahatma Gandhi and sustainable science
Mahatma Gandhi and sustainable science

Inheritance:

Even after Gandhi’s death, his responsibility to peacefulness and his confidence in straightforward living making his garments, eating a veggie lover diet, and utilizing diets for self-refinement just as a method for the fight have been an encouraging sign for abused and minimized individuals all through the world[1].

Satyagraha stays one of the most intense ways of thinking in opportunity battles all through the present reality. Gandhi’s activities propelled future basic liberties developments around the world, including those of social equality pioneer Martin Luther King Jr. in the United States and Mandela in South Africa[1].

Mahatma Gandhi – dying for freedom | DW Documentary

George Washington:

Early Life and Family:

Washington was conceived on 22nd February 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was the oldest of Augustine and Mary’s six kids, every one of whom made due into adulthood. The family lived on Pope’s Creek in Westmoreland County, Virginia. They were tolerably prosperous individuals from Virginia’s “mediocre class.” [2]

Notes towards a white history of George Washington
Notes towards a white history of George Washington

Washington could follow his family’s quality in North America to his incredible granddad, John Washington, who moved from England to Virginia. The family held some differentiation in England and was conceded land by Henry VIII. Yet, a significant part of the family’s abundance in England was lost under the Puritan legislature of Oliver Cromwell. In 1657 Washington’s granddad, Lawrence Washington relocated to Virginia. Little data is accessible about the family in North America until Washington’s dad, Augustine, was conceived in 1694[2].

Augustine Washington was a yearning man who gained land and subjugated individuals, fabricated plants, and developed tobacco. For a period, he had an interest in opening iron mines. He wedded his first spouse, Jane Butler, and they had three kids. Jane passed on in 1729 and Augustine wedded Mary Ball in 1731[2].

Mount Vernon:

In 1735, Augustine moved the family up the Potomac River to another Washington family home, Little Hunting Creek Plantation later renamed Mount Vernon. They moved again in 1738 to Ferry Farm on the Rappahannock River, inverse Fredericksburg, Virginia, where Washington spent quite a bit of his childhood[2].

Youth and Education:

Little is thought about Washington’s adolescence, which encouraged a considerable lot of the tales later biographers produced to fill in the hole. Among these are the narratives that Washington tossed a silver dollar over the Potomac and after cleaving down his dad’s prize cherry tree, he straightforwardly admitted to the wrongdoing. It is realized that from age seven to 15, Washington was self-taught and concentrated with the nearby church sexton and later a schoolmaster in viable math, topography, Latin, and the English works of art[2].

Pre-Revolutionary Military Career:

In the mid-1750s, France and Britain found a sense of contentment. Nonetheless, the French military had started involving a significant part of the Ohio Valley, securing the King’s property advantages, especially hide catchers and French pioneers. In any case, the borderlands of this zone were hazy and inclined to question between the two nations[2].

Washington gave early indications of common initiative and not long after Lawrence’s passing, Virginia’s Lieutenant Governor, Robert Dinwiddie, designated Washington assistant with a position of major in the Virginia local army[2].

On 31st October 1753, Dinwiddie sent Washington to Fort LeBoeuf, at what is presently Waterford, Pennsylvania, to caution the French to eliminate themselves from land guaranteed by Britain. The French respectfully can’t and Washington made a hurried ride back to Williamsburg, Virginia’s provincial capital[2].

George Washington was a liar who cheated his way to the top
George Washington was a liar who cheated his way to the top

The administrator of Virginia Troops:

In August 1755, Washington was made administrator of all Virginia troops at age 23. He was shipped off the outskirts to watch and ensure almost 400 miles of fringe with exactly 700, not well-focused pioneer troops and a Virginia frontier assembly reluctant to help him[2].

It was a disappointing task. His well-being fizzled, in the end, a long time of 1757 and he was sent home with diarrhea. In 1758, Washington got back to the obligation on another campaign to catch Fort Duquesne. A cordial fire episode occurred, slaughtering 14 and injuring 26 of Washington’s men. In any case, the British had the option to score a significant triumph, catching Fort Duquesne and control of the Ohio Valley[2].

Martha Washington:

A month in the wake of leaving the military, Washington wedded Martha Dandridge Custis, a widow, who was a couple of months more established than he. Martha brought to the marriage an extensive fortune: an 18,000-section of land home, from which Washington by and by obtained 6,000 sections of land[2].

With this and land he was allowed for his military help, Washington got one of the more well-off landowners in Virginia. The marriage additionally brought Martha’s two little youngsters, John (Jacky) and Martha (Patsy), ages six and four, separately[2].

Washington pampered incredible fondness on the two of them and was grief-stricken when Patsy kicked the bucket not long before the Revolution. Jacky kicked the bucket during the Revolution, and Washington embraced two of his youngsters[2].

Oppressed People:

During his retirement from the Virginia volunteer army until the beginning of the Revolution, Washington committed himself to the consideration and improvement of his territory property, going to the turn of yields, overseeing domesticated animals, and staying aware of the most recent logical advances[2].

By the 1790s, Washington kept more than 300 oppressed individuals at Mount Vernon. He was said to detest the foundation of subjection, however, acknowledged the way that it was legitimate[2].

Teeth:

Much has been made of the way that Washington utilized dentures or false teeth for the vast majority of his grown-up life. Without a doubt, Washington’s correspondence to loved ones makes incessant references to throbbing teeth, aroused gums, and different dental misfortunes. Washington had one tooth pulled when he was only 24 years of age, and when of his initiation in 1789 he had only one regular tooth left. Be that as it may, his dentures weren’t made of wood, as certain legends recommend[2].

American Revolution:

Although the British Proclamation Act of 1763 denying settlement past the Alleghenies bothered Washington and he contradicted the Stamp Act of 1765; he didn’t play the main function in the developing pioneer obstruction against the British until the far-reaching dissent of the Townshend Acts in 1767[2].

His letters of this period demonstrate he was completely contradicted by the states pronouncing autonomy. Nonetheless, by 1767, he wasn’t against opposing what he accepted were crucial infringement by the Crown of the privileges of Englishmen. In 1769, Washington acquainted a goal with the House of Burgesses calling for Virginia to blacklist British merchandise until the Acts were canceled[2].

After the section of the Coercive Acts in 1774, Washington led a gathering in which the Fairfax Resolves were received, requiring the meeting of the Continental Congress and the utilization of furnished opposition if all else fails. He was chosen as a representative of the First Continental Congress in March 1775[2].

George III and the Prince of Wales Reviewing Troops in 1978
George washington and the Prince of Wales Reviewing Troops in 1978

President of the Continental Army:

After the skirmishes of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, the political debate between Great Britain and her North American provinces swelled into an outfitted clash. In May, Washington ventured out to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia wearing a military uniform, demonstrating that he was ready for war[2].

On June 15th, he was selected Major General and Commander-in-Chief of the pioneer powers against Great Britain. Just like his custom, he didn’t search out the workplace of administrator, yet he confronted no genuine rivalry. Washington was the most ideal decision for various reasons: he had the notoriety, military experience, and magnetism for the work and he had been prompting Congress for quite a long time[2].

Another factor was political: The Revolution had begun in New England and at that point, they were the main provinces that had straightforwardly felt the brunt of British oppression. Virginia was the biggest British state and New England required Southern frontier uphold[2].

Intersection Delaware:

In August 1776, the British armed force dispatched an assault and immediately took New York City in the biggest skirmish of the war. Washington’s military was steered and endured the acquiescence of 2,800 men. He requested the remaining parts of his military to withdraw into Pennsylvania over the Delaware River. Sure, the war would be over in a couple of months, General Howe wintered his soldiers at Trenton and Princeton, leaving Washington allowed to assault at that point and spot based on his personal preference[2].

Triumphs and Losses:

General Howe’s procedure was to catch pilgrim urban areas and stop the defiance at key monetary and political focuses. He never deserted the conviction that once the Americans were denied of their significant urban areas, the resistance would shrink. In the late spring of 1777, he mounted a hostile against Philadelphia. Washington moved in his military to guard the city however was crushed at the Battle of Brandywine. Philadelphia fell fourteen days after the fact. [2]

In the pre-fall of 1777, the British armed force sent a significant power, under the order of John Burgoyne, south from Quebec to Saratoga, New York, to part the insubordination between New England and the southern provinces. However, the system exploded backward, as Burgoyne got caught by the American militaries drove by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold at the Battle of Saratoga[2].

Without help from Howe, who couldn’t contact him as expected, Burgoyne had to give up his whole 6,200-man armed force. The triumph was a significant defining moment in the battle as it urged France to straightforwardly align itself with the American reason for freedom[2].

Valley Forge:

The haziest time for Washington and the Continental Army was throughout the colder time of the year of 1777 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. The 11,000-manpower went into winter quarters and throughout the following a half year endured, generally from infection. Be that as it may, the military rose out of the colder time of year still unblemished and in generally great request[2].

Understanding their technique of catching pioneer urban areas had fizzled, the British order supplanted General Howe with Sir Henry Clinton. The British armed force cleared Philadelphia to re-visitation New York City. Washington and his men conveyed a few snappy hits to the moving armed force, assaulting the British flank close to Monmouth Courthouse. Although a strategic stalemate, the experience demonstrated Washington’s military fit for open field fight[2].

Washington and his French partners chose to leave Clinton alone and assault British General Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia. Confronting the consolidated French and Colonial militaries and the French armada of 29 warships at his back, Cornwallis held out as long as possible, yet on 19th October 1781, he gave up his powers. [2]

Progressive War Victory:

Washington had no chance to get off knowing the Yorktown triumph would wrap the battle up. The British had 26,000 soldiers possessing New York City, Charleston, and Savannah, in addition to an enormous armada of warships in the Colonies. By 1782, the French armed force and naval force had left, the Continental depository was drained, and the vast majority of his warriors hadn’t been paid for quite a while[2].

A close uprising was dodged when Washington persuaded Congress to allow a five-year reward for troopers in March 1783. By November of that year, the British had emptied New York City and different urban areas and the war was finished. The Americans had won their autonomy. Washington officially bade his soldiers goodbye and on 23rd December 1783, he surrendered his bonus as president of the military and got back to Mount Vernon[2].

For a very long time, Washington endeavored to satisfy his fantasy about continuing life as a man of his word rancher and to give his much-disregarded Mount Vernon estate the consideration and consideration it merited[2].

George Washington: Reluctant
George Washington: Reluctant

Established Convention:

In 1787, Washington was again called to the obligation of his nation. Since autonomy, the youthful republic had been battling under the Articles of Confederation, a structure of government that focused force with the states. Be that as it may, the states were not bound together. They battled among themselves over limits and route rights and wouldn’t add to taking care of the country’s war obligation. On certain occasions, state lawmaking bodies forced overbearing expense approaches on their residents[2].

Washington was strongly overwhelmed at the situation, yet just gradually went to the acknowledgment that something should be done about it. Maybe he didn’t know everything looked good so not long after the Revolution to make significant changes under the majority rule explore. Or on the other hand, maybe because he trusted he would not be called upon to serve, he stayed cautious[2].

Death:

On a chilly December day in 1799, Washington spent quite a bit of it reviewing the ranch riding a horse in a driving blizzard. At the point when he got back, he quickly ate his dinner in his wet garments and afterward headed to sleep[2].

The following morning, on December 13, he got up with an extremely sore throat and turned out to be progressively raspy. He resigned early, yet got up around 3 a.m. furthermore, revealed to Martha that he felt exceptionally debilitated. The ailment advanced until he passed on late at night of 14th December 1799[2].

Inheritance:

Washington might have been a lord. All things considered, he decided to be a resident. He set numerous points of reference for the public government and the administration: The two-service time boundary office, just broken once by Franklin D. Roosevelt, was later tucked away in the Constitution’s 22nd Amendment. [2]

Wo Kon Tha # 45 | Who was George Washington? | Usama Ghazi

Conclusion:

Mahatma Gandhi was the essential head of India’s autonomy development and the draftsman of a type of peaceful common defiance that would impact the world. Until Gandhi was killed in 1948, his life and lessons roused activists including Martin Luther King Jr. furthermore, Nelson Mandela. George Washington, a Founding Father of the United States, driven the Continental Army to triumph in the Revolutionary War and was America’s first president.

References:

1.            biography. 3rd November 2020; Available from: https://www.biography.com/activist/mahatma-gandhi

2.            biography. 3rd November 2020; Available from: https://www.biography.com/us-president/george-washington.


Spread the love
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

Related posts

Leave a Comment