Doctor Ishfaq Ahmad Khan, Pakistani Nuclear Physicist who got Minister of State, Sitara-I-Imtiaz, Hilal-I-Imtiaz, Nishan-I-Imtiaz, is a Pakistani atomic physicist and notable educationist of Pakistan. He is presently a guide to the Prime Minister of Pakistan on key and logical projects, with the status of Federal Minister, and was the administrator of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission from 1991 to 2001 [2]. There is a scientist who worked for Chemistry, he worked on the Atomic Number and the Periodic Table which was Henry Mosley. Another scientist who became very famous in the world was Theodore Maiman, he worked on Laser Cutter for cutting the items in an effective way.

Basic informationIshfaq Ahmad Khan
NationalityPakistani, Indian
Date of Birth3rd November 1930
Place of BirthGurdaspur, Gurdaspur district, Punjab, British India
Date of Death18th January 2018
Place of DeathIslamabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Age87 years old.
School / CollegeBSc degree from Lahore.
UniversityUniversité de Montréal,
The University of Punjab
Career1952 – 2018
StatusPakistani nuclear physicist,
Emeritus professor
Marital StatusMarried
Famous forNuclear Deterrence Contribution to Pion and particle physics
Different Posts / OrganizationsPakistan Atomic Energy Commission,
Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology,
International Atomic Energy Agency,
Government College University,
National Center for Physics,
Planning Commission
AwardsNishan-i-Imitiaz (1998),
Hilal-i-Imtiaz (1995),
Sitara-i-Imtiaz (1989)

Early Life of Ishfaq Ahmed Khan:

Ishfaq Ahmed Khan was born on 3rd November 1930 in Gurdaspur, Gurdaspur region, Punjab, British India. He was a Pakistani Nuclear Physicist, emeritus teacher of high energy material science, and previous science counsel to the Government of Pakistan [1].

Ishfaq Ahmed Khan, the Physicist
Ishfaq Ahmed Khan, the Physicist


He got Honors confirmation and made sure about a gold emblem for the acknowledgement of his work in material science. He showed undergrad material science lab courses at the Government College University. While taking a shot at major ideas in atomic material science with his college mentor. In 1954, he won the grant under the Columbo Plan cooperation program and went to Quebec, Canada for his doctorate considers. Ahmad went to the doctorate school at the Université de Montréal and did a two-year-long course in particle material science. He connected with his exploration of hypothetical material science. In 1959, Ahmad got D. Sc. in Nuclear material science after presenting his doctoral work in physics. He composed his proposal in familiar French and English language and hesitantly got back to Pakistan under the terms of the Colombo Plan contract [2].

Professional Career:

Prof. Ahmad has been an individual from many Boards of Governors of different logical and scholarly bodies in Pakistan. Including the Pakistan Council of Science and Technology and the Executive Committee of the National Commission for Science and Technology. He had chosen as a Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences (1983). A Fellow of the International Nuclear Energy Academy (2000). He had chosen President of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences in 2007. Since 2001, Prof. Ahmad has been instrumental in the foundation of the National Center for Physics (NCP) in Islamabad. He has filled in as the seat of its leading group of governors. He had chosen as a Fellow of the IAS in 2000 [2].

Doctor Ishfaq Ahmad Khan, Pakistani Nuclear Physicist assumed a significant function in Pakistan’s atomic program and considered one pioneer of Pakistan’s both regular citizen side and military atomic program. He has practical experience in hypothetical material science, CERN’s molecule quickening agents, high energy material science, and atomic reactor innovation. Ishfaq Ahmad viewed as one of the top atomic physicists in Pakistan [2].

Visit of Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, and Mr Muhammad Afzal, Minister (Technical Affairs), Pakistan Mission
Visit of Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, and Mr Muhammad Afzal, Minister (Technical Affairs), Pakistan Mission

1971 War and Nuclear Bomb Venture:

After the 1971 battle, the administration sent Ishfaq Ahmad to the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH). When Munir Ahmad Khan turned into the executive of PAEC and had placed responsible for a mystery nuclear bomb venture. Munir Khan named Ahmad as the overseer of PINSTECH, where he stayed up to 1976. Ahmad filled in as the head of the Nuclear Physics Division at the mystery Pinstech Institute which built up the principal plans of nuclear bombs, an underground task during the post-1971 war. There, he assumed a persuasive part in driving the material science and numerical computations in the minimum weapons and accomplished fundamental hypothetical work on the collapse strategy used in the weapons [2].

As right on time as in 1976, Ahmad, in a seismic group drove by geophysicist Ahsan Mubarak directed a three-dimensional mathematical review and made a few observation voyages through the zones in Balochistan. Following a one-year-long overview, the group found a mountain that coordinated their specifications. The 185-meter skyscraper stone mountain had established in the Ras Koh locale of the Chagai Division of Balochistan, which at their most noteworthy direct ascent toward tallness of 3,009 meters [2].

Ahmad had since quite a while ago noticed that the underground weapon-testing research centres in the mountain ought to be “completely dry” and fit for withstanding a ~20 kiloton atomic power from the inside. Within seven days, further test tests had led to gauge the water substance of the mountains and the encompassing region and to quantify the ability of the mountain’s stone to withstand an atomic test. Once this had affirmed, Ishfaq Ahmed finished the work on a three-dimensional study of the area [2].

GIK organizes reference for Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, former Chairman, PEAC and Member, GIK Board of Governors

Yellowcake and 239Pu delivery:

In 1976, PAEC prevailing regarding creating the main nearby 10kg of Yellowcake and later on delivered the 239Pu, the weapon-grade plutonium in 1983, which was later tried with the atomic device [2].

At PINSTECH, Ahmad delivered the main photographic plate to recognize the fissile issue in characteristic uranium when it exploded. However, because of its arranged exploration, the information on such a finder has classified. The NPD built up the Chemiluminescent Dosimeter to gauge the identification of alpha particles produced in the rot of radon and thoron gases. Ahmad working together with Hameed Ahmad Khan — overseer of Radiation Physics Division–in the advancement of CR-39, a kind of molecule detector.[29] Ahmad picked up ability in atomic emulsion and built up an originally grouped atomic emulsion that gave data about the mass, charge, and speed of the particles creating the track [2].

He truly made the first gadget in 1983 and moved to Sargodha aviation based armed forces base for a first test. On 11th March 1983, a first virus test, codename Kirana-I, of a gadget had subtly done at the weapon-testing labs worked inside the Central Ammunition Depot (CAD) of Sargodha AFB. The test had regulated and led by a little group of researchers drove by Ahmad, while the Theoretical material science group led counts on the quantum oscillator. Other invitees and participants incorporated the Munir Ahmad Khan, Samar Mubarakmand, and Masud Ahmad of PAEC while others were high-positioning regular people authorities of first-class common organization and the well-trained official of the Pakistan military [2].


He assumed a significant function in building up the examination foundations in atomic sciences, remarkably atomic physical science, in Pakistan [2].

Ishfaq Ahmad, Greatest Pakistani
Ishfaq Ahmad, Greatest Pakistani

Works of Ishfaq Ahmed:

There are a lot of works by Ishfaq Ahmed in his life career. Some of them are given below.

1. Books:

Atomic information the executives–the part of the International Atomic Energy Agency and its Technical Cooperation program, Ishfaq Ahmad, imprinted on 10th September 2004 at International Atomic Energy Agency Energy for the manageable turn of events and science innovation for the eventual fate of Islamic World. Numerical Integrals in Quantum Nature, Ishfaq Ahmad, The Nucleus Numerical Modeling, and its application in cataclysmic events, Ishfaq Ahmad, Global Change Impact Studies Center [2].

2. Publications:

International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation. Part D. Nuclear Tracks and Radiation Measurements by Hameed A. Khan, Imtinan E. Qureshi, and Ishfaq Ahmad [2].


He died on 18th January 2018 in Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan.

Pakistani nuclear physicist Ishfaq Ahmed passes away
Pakistani nuclear physicist Ishfaq Ahmed passes away

Awards and honors [1]:

  1. Nishan-i-Imitiaz (1998)
  2. Hilal-i-Imtiaz (1995)
  3. Sitara-i-Imtiaz (1989)
  4. Gold Medal, Pakistan Academy of Sciences (1998)
  5. Gold Medal, Institute of Leadership & Management (ILM) (1998)
  6. Gold Medal, Society of Engineering, Materials, and Metallurgical Engineering (SEMME), Karachi, (1998)
  7. Gold Medal, Geological Society of Punjab, (1998)
  8. Doctorate of Science Honoris Causa, UET Lahore, 2000.
  9. Who’s who in an atom, American Institute of Physics (1969)
A personal tribute to Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, N.I., H.I., S.I.
A personal tribute to Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad, N.I., H.I., S.I.


  1. en.wikipedia. 15th October 2020; Available from:
  2. praboook. 15th October 2020; Available from:

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