Introduction of Abdur Rahim:
|Date of Birth||7th September 1867|
|Place of birth||Midnapur|
|Death & place||1952|
|Cause of Death||Pneumonia|
|Political Party||All-India Muslim League Bengal Muslim Party|
|Children||Jalaluddin Abdur Rahim Begum Niaz Fatima|
Abdur Rahim was born in 7th September 1867 and died in 1952. He belonged to a “Zamindar” family of “Midnapur District”. He got his early education from Midnapur and for higher education joined “Presidency College, Kolkatta”. After completed his Post-graduation he went to London and got admission to “Middle Temple for the Bar-at-Law” and joined the Bar in 1890. He was very intelligent and became a lawyer in the Criminal Law and the Lawyer in Muslim. He did the job of “Deputy Legal Remembrancer” and after that, he was starting the practice in the High Court in 1904, and remained on the post of “Presidency Magistrate” for about 3(three) years. He was the Member of the All-India Muslim League and later became a member of the Muslim League. He was the President of the “Nikhil Banga Praja Samiti (1929-1934)” of the “Central Legislative Assembly of India (1935-1945)”. He was the Judge and Politician, died in 1952, after the creation of Pakistan due to the Pneumonia.
Early Life of Abdur Rahim:
He was born in a Zamindar family. His father’s name was “Molvi Abdur Rab”. He was a Zamindar in the province of the Midnapur District. Abdur Rahim got his early education from the Midnapur for higher education, he went to Kolkatta where he gets admission to the “Presidency College”. After education from Kolkatta, he went to England and joined the Inns of the Court. Later, he joined the High Court and became the Barrister in 1890. He became the creator and the dominant member of the Muslim League.
Services of Abdur Rahim:
Moreover, he was very intelligent and had a great interest in education so he became a member of the “Senate” and the “Association of the University of the Madras”. He promoted the foundation of the “Maulana Azad College”. Abdur Rahim was appointed as a Judge on the 20th of July 1908 in the High Court of the Judicature at the Madras and was a member of the “Royal Commission on the Public Services in India” in September 1912 and remained from 1912-1915.
Abdur Rahim become the Chief Justice of the High Court in the Madras, Tagore Professor of Law at the University of Kolkatta.
Principal in the University of Kolkatta:
He was the judge at the High Court and gave the lectures at the University of Kolkatta,after that his lectures were published by the title of “Principles of Muhammadan Jurisprudence according to the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi and Hambali schools”. This work for Jurisprudence was compared with the Modern European Principles and the Islamic teachings, which makes combining classical and modern learning.
He joined the politics and became a member of the “Bengal Province”, executive Council. He worked as the administrator of the Province of Justice. He gave the lectures of similar subjects from 1921-1925.
Joining of All-India Muslim League:
In December 1925 and January 1926, he addressed on the 17th Session of All-India Muslim League in “Aligarh”, where he said that:
“The Hindus and Muslims are not two religious’ sects like the Protestants and Catholics of England, but form two distinct communities of peoples, and so they regard themselves… the fact that they have lived in the same country for nearly 1,000 years has contributed hardly anything to their fusion into a nation… Any of us Indian Muslims traveling in Afghanistan, Persia, Central Asia, among Chinese Muslims, Arabs, and Turks would at once be made at home and would not find anything to which we are not accustomed. On the contrary in India, we find ourselves in all social matters aliens when we cross the street and enter that part of the town where our fellow townsmen live.”
Muhammadan Educational Conference and Urdu Language:
He was given the post in the All-India Muhammadan Educational Conference and he appealed the Muslim to talk in the Urdu Language in India. The Hindus Leaders want to quarrel with him and didn’t want to work with Abdur Rahim. After the Bengal Government, the Governor of the Bengal made him the Provincial Government in 1927 and the Hindus were declined to work with him.
Abdur Rahim founded the party “Bengal Muslim Party”. Their modern reviews were:
“For any Muslim, and particularly for Sir Abdur Rahim, to form such a party cannot surprise anybody. But what is amusing is that he has felt it necessary to camouflage it as something other than what it is. For the party speaks in the opening paragraph of its manifesto in the most liberal and nonsectarian tones.”
President of Bengal Muslim Conference:
Adur Rahim became the President of the Bengal Muslim Conference in 1928, and Nehru reported and opposite to the party foundation. The “Simon Commission” was proposals were rejected by the Bengal Muslim Conference in 1930.
President of the Nikhil Banga Praja Samiti:
Abdur Rahim was the President of the “Nikhil Banga Praja Samiti” or “All Bengal Tenant Association”. He was nominated as the “Central Legislative Assembly” of India.On the other hand, “Muhammad Ali Jinnah” was in the abroad for the “Round table conference”, Abdur Rahim took over the independent party. He was nominated as the “President of the Assembly”, which was effectively ended his public contribution in the one-sided politics. He had strong views against the views of the Muslims of India. He worked in the Central Legislative Assembly as “President” from 1935 to 1945.
Viceroy Lord Linlithgow:
The viceroy, Lord Linlithgow in the year of 1939, wrote the secretary of India, Lord Zetland, later listening to Rahim on the Muslim behavior towards the Federation of India stated that.
“I had not anticipated that he would be anything but right-wing; but I was, I confess, a little surprised by the extreme communal vigor of his views and by the conviction with which he maintained that his co-religionists now stood, as he put it, with their backs to the wall and must fight.”
When Pakistan came into being, he came to Pakistan in 1947 and was starting living in the “Karachi”. He was agonized due to pneumonia and died in 1952.
He had two children which name was “Begum Niaz Fatima & Jalaluddin Abdur Rahim”. The husband of Fatima’s was the barrister “Barrister Hussain Shaheed Suhrawady (1892-1963)”. He was the 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan. And, his son’s name was Jalaluddin Abdur Rahim was the “Nietzschean Philosopher” and also became the founder of Pakistan’s People’s Party (PPP).
He published the book “The Principles of Muhammadan Jurisprudence according to the Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’I, and Hambli Schools”.
Link of Book:
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1. Banglapedia. 4th August 2020; Available from: Banglapedia.
2. Wikipedia. 4th August 2020; Available from: Wikipedia.